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Supreme Court of Georgia.


No. S13F0408.

Decided: June 17, 2013

Jan McKinney, Jan McKinney, P.C., Norcross, GA, for Zekser. Erin Shane Stone, Bovis Kyle & Burch, LLC, Atlanta, GA, for Zekser.

Michael and Marlene Zekser were married in 1993, and they were divorced 18 years later. Marlene appeals from the final decree of divorce, contending that the division of the marital assets and debts was inequitable. We find no error in the division of the assets and debts, and we affirm the final decree.

1. By its final decree, the trial court awarded the marital residence to Marlene,1 as well as a sport-utility vehicle2 and her retirement account.3 To Michael, the trial court awarded his consulting business4 and his own retirement account .5 The trial court also required Marlene to pay $102,612 to Michael, which represented approximately half of their equity in the marital residence. In addition, the trial court directed that Marlene alone would have full responsibility for their indebtedness on the marital residence and on student loans that financed her law school education.6 This division was inequitable,7 Marlene contends, especially because Michael ought to share in the obligation to repay the indebtedness for her law school education, and because he treated her cruelly during their marriage.

As we have explained before, an equitable division of marital property is not necessarily an equal division, but a fair one. Driver v. Driver, ––– Ga. ––––(2) (Case No. S13F0152, decided April 15, 2013). See also Black v. Black, 292 Ga. 691, 695(3), 740 S.E.2d 613 (2013); Pennington v. Pennington, 291 Ga. 165, 168(4)(a), 728 S.E.2d 230 (2012). When determining the division of marital property, the trier of fact should consider all of the relevant circumstances, Morrow v. Morrow, 272 Ga. 557, 558, 532 S.E.2d 672 (2000), including “the conduct of the parties, both during the marriage and with reference to the cause of the divorce.” Black, 292 Ga. at 695(3), 740 S.E.2d 613 (punctuation and citation omitted). See also Wood v. Wood, 283 Ga. 8, 11(5), 655 S.E.2d 611 (2008); Bloomfield v. Bloomfield, 282 Ga. 108, 111(2), 646 S.E.2d 207 (2007). The division of marital property is committed to the discretion of the trier of fact, and its discretion in this respect is broad. See Driver, ––– Ga. at ––––(2). See also Black, 292 Ga. at 695(3), 740 S.E.2d 613; Pennington, 291 Ga. at 168(4), 728 S.E.2d 230(a); Shaw v. Shaw, 290 Ga. 354, 356(3), 720 S.E.2d 614 (2012). We find no abuse of that broad discretion in this case.

With respect to the indebtedness for law school, the trial court found that Michael advised against Marlene attending law school for financial reasons8 and that her attending law school did, in fact, drain their financial resources.9 In addition, the trial court found that attending law school distracted Marlene from her obligations to her family, inasmuch as she “spent long hours studying, joined a fraternity, and volunteered for projects at the law school.”10 Attending law school also distracted Marlene in other ways, as the trial court found that Marlene “found playmates at the law school with [whom] she apparently had affairs.”11 The trial court noted as well that the marriage ended close in time to Marlene graduating from law school. Based on these things, the trial court found that Marlene attending law school “did not advance the family unit but will advance [her] and the children in the future.”12 Upon our review of the entire record, we are satisfied that these findings are not clearly erroneous, and we see no abuse of discretion in the trial court assigning the entirety of the indebtedness for law school to Marlene.

With respect to the allegation of cruel treatment, we find no reason to believe, as Marlene urges, that the trial court did not consider all of the relevant circumstances, even if it did not mention them all explicitly in its decree. As the trier of fact, the trial court was in the best position to assess the credibility of Michael and Marlene and to determine if Michael had, in fact, treated her cruelly, as she claimed. See Bloomfield, 282 Ga. at 111(2), 646 S.E.2d 207 (“[T]his Court must give deference to the trial court's factual findings as well as its determination of credibility.”) (citation omitted). On appeal, we do not reweigh the facts, Wood, 283 Ga. at 9(1), 655 S.E.2d 611(a), and in this case, we accept that the trial court found no cruel treatment on the part of Michael. Given the findings of the trial court, and given the deference that we owe the trial court, we see no abuse of discretion in the way in which it equitably divided the marital assets and debts.

2. In her briefs on appeal, Marlene also contends that the trial court erred with respect to its determination of the child support that Michael owes. But in her application for discretionary review, see OCGA § 5–6–35(a)(2), Marlene said nothing at all about child support. An application for discretionary review must “enumerat[e] the errors to be urged on appeal,” OCGA § 5–6–35(b), and so, when we grant discretionary review, it necessarily is limited to the errors actually enumerated in the application.13 See Christopher J. McFadden et al., Georgia Appellate Practice § 13:15 (2012 ed.) (“The issues on appeal are limited by the errors enumerated in the application for discretionary appeal.”). On occasion, we have limited the scope of discretionary review even further, granting an application for discretionary review only as to some of the errors enumerated therein, for instance, and directing that briefs should be submitted only upon those specified claims of error.14 In cases in which an appellant has attempted to raise additional errors beyond the limited scope of discretionary review—whether limited only by the enumeration of errors in the application or limited further by the express direction of the Court—we have declined to consider those additional claims of error. See, e.g., Chung–A–On v. Drury, 276 Ga. 558, 559, n. 8, 580 S.E.2d 229 (2003); Franz v. Franz, 268 Ga. 465, 466(2), 490 S.E.2d 377 (1997); Grim v. Grim, 268 Ga. 2, 3(2), 486 S.E.2d 27 (1997). By failing to complain in her application for discretionary review of the provisions of the decree concerning child support, Marlene has forfeited any appellate review of those provisions, and we decline to consider her additional enumeration of error.

Judgment affirmed.


All the Justices concur.