Stephen RALEY, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Bob WILLIAMS; et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: November 16, 2020
Before: THOMAS, Chief Judge, TASHIMA and W. FLETCHER, Circuit Judges.
Stephen Raley, Pro Se Jonz C. Norine, Esquire, Attorney, Kenny & Norine, Redding, CA, for Defendants-Appellees
Stephen Raley appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging federal and state law claims arising out of a citation and fine imposed on him for growing marijuana. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo a district court's dismissal for failure to state a claim under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). Sheppard v. David Evans and Assoc., 694 F.3d 1045, 1048 (9th Cir. 2012). We affirm.
The district court properly dismissed Raley's due process, equal protection, and excessive fines claims because Raley failed to allege facts sufficient to state a plausible claim. See Austin v. Univ. of Or., 925 F.3d 1133, 1139 (9th Cir. 2019) (requirements for procedural due process claim); Towery v. Brewer, 672 F.3d 650, 660 (9th Cir. 2012) (class-of-one doctrine of equal protection does not apply to state action that involves discretionary decisionmaking based on subjective, individualized assessments); see also United States v. Bajakajian, 524 U.S. 321, 334, 118 S.Ct. 2028, 141 L.Ed.2d 314 (1998) (a fine is unconstitutionally excessive under the Eighth Amendment if its amount is grossly disproportionate to the gravity of the offense).
The district court did not abuse its discretion by declining to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Raley's state law claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3); Ove v. Gwinn, 264 F.3d 817, 826 (9th Cir. 2001) (court may decline supplemental jurisdiction over related state law claims once it has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction).
We do not consider matters not specifically and distinctly raised and argued in the opening brief, or arguments and allegations raised for the first time on appeal. See Padgett v. Wright, 587 F.3d 983, 985 n.2 (9th Cir. 2009).
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