J.P. PARNELL, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. A. MARTINEZ; et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: September 16, 2020
Before: TASHIMA, SILVERMAN, and OWENS, Circuit Judges.
J.P. Parnell, Pro Se
California state prisoner J.P. Parnell appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging various constitutional claims. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo a dismissal under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 1113, 1118 (9th Cir. 2012). We affirm.
The district court properly dismissed Parnell's due process claim challenging his raised classification level following his failure to submit to a urinalysis because Parnell failed to allege facts sufficient to demonstrate that his raised classification level presented an “atypical and significant hardship ․ in relation to the ordinary incidents of prison life.” Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 472, 484, 115 S.Ct. 2293, 132 L.Ed.2d 418 (1995); Myron v. Terhune, 476 F.3d 716, 718 (9th Cir. 2007) (concluding that prison regulations governing inmate's classification did not create a liberty interest because inmate failed to show that his raised classification level presented an “atypical and significant hardship” or would “invariably affect the duration of his sentence” (citations and quotation marks omitted)).
The district court properly dismissed Parnell's due process claim challenging his disciplinary hearing following his failure to submit to a urinalysis because Parnell failed to allege facts sufficient to demonstrate that he was not afforded all the process that was due. See Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539, 563-67, 94 S.Ct. 2963, 41 L.Ed.2d 935 (1974) (to satisfy due process, prison officials must provide an inmate advance written notice of the violation, a written statement as to the evidence relied upon and the reasons for the disciplinary action taken, and a limited right to call witnesses and present documentary evidence); see also Superintendent v. Hill, 472 U.S. 445, 455, 105 S.Ct. 2768, 86 L.Ed.2d 356 (1985) (“[T]he requirements of due process are satisfied if some evidence supports the [disciplinary] decision․ ”).
The district court properly dismissed Parnell's due process claim challenging defendants’ responses to his grievances because Parnell “lack[s] a separate constitutional entitlement to a specific prison grievance procedure.” Ramirez v. Galaza, 334 F.3d 850, 860 (9th Cir. 2003).
The district court properly dismissed Parnell's claims challenging defendants’ alleged failure to comply with prison regulations because failure to follow “state departmental regulations do[es] not establish a federal constitutional violation.” Cousins v. Lockyer, 568 F.3d 1063, 1070 (9th Cir. 2009).
The district court properly dismissed Parnell's equal protection, cruel and unusual punishment, and retaliation claims because Parnell failed to allege facts sufficient to state a plausible claim. See Hebbe v. Pliler, 627 F.3d 338, 341-42 (9th Cir. 2010) (although pro se pleadings are to be construed liberally, a plaintiff must present factual allegations sufficient to state a plausible claim for relief); see also Hartmann v. Cal. Dep't of Corr. & Rehab., 707 F.3d 1114, 1123 (9th Cir. 2013) (elements of a § 1983 equal protection claim); Rhodes v. Robinson, 408 F.3d 559, 567-68 (9th Cir. 2005) (elements of a retaliation claim in the prison context); Schwenk v. Hartford, 204 F.3d 1187, 1196 (9th Cir. 2000) (an Eighth Amendment cruel and unusual punishment claim requires punishment which is “offensive to human dignity” (citation omitted)).
Contrary to Parnell's contentions, he suffered no prejudice from the district court's failure to rule on his motions for judicial notice or for reconsideration.
Parnell's motion for a temporary restraining order (Docket Entry No. 12) is denied.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.