UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Abelard FUENTES-CASTRO, Defendant-Appellant.
Decided: June 15, 2020
Before: GOULD and CHRISTEN, Circuit Judges, and HELLERSTEIN,* District Judge.
Zachary Howe, Daniel Earl Zipp, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Office of the US Attorney, San Diego, CA, for Plaintiff-Appellee Elizabeth Richardson-Royer, San Francisco, CA, for Defendant-Appellant
Defendant-Appellant Abelard Fuentes-Castro challenges the district court’s imposition of standard conditions of supervised release in the written judgment entered after his conviction for attempted reentry after removal. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we vacate the standard conditions of supervised release and remand.1
We review de novo whether the oral pronouncement of a sentence conflicts with the written judgment. United States v. Napier, 463 F.3d 1040, 1042 (9th Cir. 2006).
The district court stated at sentencing that it was imposing a term of supervised release to deter Fuentes-Castro from unlawfully reentering the United States. Although the Sentencing Guidelines state that courts “ordinarily should not impose” a supervised-release term if the defendant “likely will be deported after imprisonment,” U.S.S.G. § 5D1.1(c), a supervised-release term may be substantively reasonable where the district court “gave a specific and particularized explanation that [it] would provide an added measure of deterrence,” United States v. Valdavinos-Torres, 704 F.3d 679, 693 (9th Cir. 2012). The transcript shows the district court was clearly concerned with deterring Fuentes-Castro from reentering the country.
It may be that the district court intended the conditions of supervised release to only apply if Fuentes-Castro reentered the United States, consistent with the presentence report recommendation to impose supervised release with the qualifier that “supervision [is] waived upon deportation, exclusion, or voluntary departure.” But the written judgment did not explain that Fuentes-Castro is subject to the standard conditions only if he reenters the United States, and at least some of the standard conditions are inconsistent with Fuentes-Castro residing outside of the country.
We vacate the standard conditions imposed by the judgment, and remand for the district court to determine upon resentencing which standard conditions apply, and when, and whether they will apply outside of the United States. Cf. Napier, 463 F.3d at 1043–44 (vacating and remanding where “we cannot say the inclusion of ․ conditions in the written judgment created a direct conflict,” but “we do not have a complete and unambiguous sentence to leave intact”).
In light of this disposition, we need not reach Fuentes-Castro’s constitutional challenges to the standard conditions.
VACATED and REMANDED, with the parties to bear their own costs.
1. Because the parties are familiar with the facts and procedural history of this case, we do not recite them here.
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