Jorge ARCE-MARTINEZ, aka George Martinez Arce, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.
Decided: June 12, 2020
Before: FERNANDEZ and LEE, Circuit Judges, and ORRICK,** District Judge.
Megan A. Brewer, Stacy Tolchin, Law Offices of Stacy Tolchin, Los Angeles, CA, for Petitioner Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, Corey Leigh Farrell, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, for Respondent
Jorge Arce-Martinez, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of a decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) denying his motion to reopen as untimely and declining to sua sponte reopen the deportation proceedings. We deny the petition.
Although Arce did not file his motion within ninety days of the BIA’s final administrative decision,1 he asserts that his motion was timely pursuant to equitable tolling because he filed within ninety days after a change of the law in Bonilla v. Lynch, 840 F.3d 575, 592 (9th Cir. 2016).2 We disagree.
Arce argues that two BIA decisions prevented him from filing his motion to reopen before Bonilla changed the law. See Matter of Armendarez-Mendez, 24 I. & N. Dec. 646, 660 (BIA 2008), overruled by Toor v. Lynch, 789 F.3d 1055, 1057, 1064 (9th Cir. 2015); Matter of Lok, 18 I. & N. Dec. 101, 105–06 (BIA 1981). However, the first, Armendarez-Mendez, was overruled in 2015, over ninety days before Arce filed his motion to reopen. See Toor, 789 F.3d at 1057, 1064. And, rather than overruling Lok, Bonilla cited it with approval. See Bonilla, 840 F.3d at 589, 591. Because Bonilla did not change the law applicable to Arce’s motion to reopen, the BIA did not abuse its discretion in concluding that the filing deadline was not equitably tolled during the period from the decision in Toor to the decision in Bonilla.
We have limited jurisdiction to review the BIA’s denial of sua sponte reopening; we can determine only whether the BIA’s decision rested on a legal or constitutional error. See Menendez v. Whitaker, 908 F.3d 467, 471 (9th Cir. 2018); Bonilla, 840 F.3d at 588; Singh v. Holder, 771 F.3d 647, 650 (9th Cir. 2014). Arce’s sole argument is that the BIA made a legal error in deciding that Bonilla was not a relevant change in law. As discussed above, the BIA’s decision was correct.
2. See Avagyan v. Holder, 646 F.3d 672, 679 (9th Cir. 2011); cf. Luna v. Holder, 659 F.3d 753, 760–61 (9th Cir. 2011).
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