Kofi OBENG-AMPONSAH, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Tim GENOVESE, as an individual; et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: June 05, 2020
Before: LEAVY, PAEZ, and BENNETT, Circuit Judges.
Kofi Obeng-Amponsah, Pro Se Larry Rothman, III, Esquire, Attorney, Larry Rothman & Associates, Anaheim Hills, CA, for Defendant-Appellee Tim Genovese Matthew G. Kleiner, Esquire, Attorney, Gordon & Rees LLP, San Diego, CA, for Defendants-Appellees Don Miguel Apartments, FDC Management, Inc., Maria Oliva
Kofi Obeng-Amponsah appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his action alleging race discrimination under the Fair Housing Act and other federal and state law claims. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review for an abuse of discretion a dismissal pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260 (9th Cir. 1992). We reverse and remand.
The district court sua sponte dismissed Obeng-Amponsah's action as a sanction eight days after the amended complaint was due. However, the district court failed to consider less drastic alternatives to dismissal with prejudice and failed to warn Obeng-Amponsah that the action would be dismissed if he failed to comply with the court's order. See id. at 1260 (dismissal with prejudice under Rule 41(b) “is a harsh penalty and ․ should only be imposed in extreme circumstances”); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (“The district court need not exhaust every sanction short of dismissal before finally dismissing a case, but must explore possible and meaningful alternatives.”); see also Oliva v. Sullivan, 958 F.2d 272, 274 (9th Cir. 1992) (“The district judge has an obligation to warn the plaintiff that dismissal is imminent.”) Accordingly, we reverse the judgment and remand with instructions to reinstate the action and accept Obeng-Amponsah's second amended complaint for filing.
REVERSED and REMANDED.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.