Sara Elizabeth GIRON, aka Sara Elizabeth Giron Orellana, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.
Decided: June 09, 2020
Before: LEAVY, PAEZ, and BENNETT, Circuit Judges.
Sara Elizabeth Giron, Pro Se Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, John Frederick Stanton, Maarja Tiganik Luhtaru, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, for Respondent
Sara Elizabeth Giron, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ order dismissing her appeal from an immigration judge’s decision denying her application for withholding of removal and relief under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2006). We review de novo due process claims in immigration proceedings. Jiang v. Holder, 754 F.3d 733, 738 (9th Cir. 2014). We deny the petition for review.
Substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that Giron failed to establish that the harm she fears from gang members would be on account of a protected ground. See Zetino v. Holder, 622 F.3d 1007, 1016 (9th Cir. 2010) (an applicant’s “desire to be free from harassment by criminals motivated by theft or random violence by gang members bears no nexus to a protected ground”). We reject Giron’s contention that the agency erred by failing to provide a reasoned analysis in denying her claim. See Najmabadi v. Holder, 597 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 2010) (agency need not write an exegesis on every contention). Thus, Giron’s withholding of removal claim fails.
We do not consider Giron’s claim that the social group “a woman returning with her family to El Salvador after many years in the U.S.” is cognizable because the BIA did not decide the issue, see Santiago-Rodriguez v. Holder, 657 F.3d 820, 829 (9th Cir. 2011) (review limited to the grounds relied on by the BIA), and Giron does not contend the BIA erred in finding that this claim was not properly before it, see Corro-Barragan v. Holder, 718 F.3d 1174, 1177 n.5 (9th Cir. 2013) (failure to contest issue in opening brief resulted in waiver).
Substantial evidence also supports the agency’s denial of CAT relief because Giron failed to show it is more likely than not she would be tortured by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to El Salvador. See Aden v. Holder, 589 F.3d 1040, 1047 (9th Cir. 2009).
Giron’s contentions that the agency violated her due process rights by conducting her hearing by video conference fail. See Lata v. INS, 204 F.3d 1241, 1246 (9th Cir. 2000) (requiring error and prejudice to prevail on a due process claim).
PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED.
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