Natale MERCURI, an individual, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OCCIDENTAL TOWER APARTMENTS, a business unknown; et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: May 13, 2020
Before: BERZON, N.R. SMITH, and MILLER, Circuit Judges.
Natale Mercuri, Pro Se Thomas A. Nitti, Attorney, Law Offices of Thomas A. Nitti, Santa Monica, CA, for Defendants - Appellees
Natale Mercuri appeals pro se from the district court’s summary judgment in his Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) action against his landlord, Occidental Tower Apartments. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo. Guatay Christian Fellowship v. County of San Diego, 670 F.3d 957, 970 (9th Cir. 2011). We affirm.
The district court properly granted summary judgment on Mercuri’s claim under 42 U.S.C. § 3604(f)(3)(B) because Mercuri failed to raise a genuine dispute of material fact as to whether Occidental violated the FHA by providing only one parking pass for Mercuri and his co-occupant. See Dubois v. Ass’n of Apartment Owners of 2987 Kalakaua, 453 F.3d 1175, 1179 (9th Cir. 2006) (under 42 U.S.C. § 3604(f)(3)(B), a plaintiff must show that the accommodation “may be necessary to afford [him] an equal opportunity to use and enjoy the dwelling”).
We do not consider Mercuri’s claims under 42 U.S.C. § 3604(f)(2) because they were not raised before the district court. See Walsh v. Nevada Dep’t of Human Res., 471 F.3d 1033, 1037 (9th Cir. 2006) (explaining that while “[n]o ‘bright line’ exists to determine whether an issue has been properly raised below ․ ‘a workable standard is that the issue must be raised sufficiently for the trial court to rule on it’ ”(citation omitted)).
We do not consider Mercuri’s state law claims arising under California’s habitability laws because Mercuri failed to raise them in his opening brief. See Acosta-Huerta v. Estelle, 7 F.3d 139, 144 (9th Cir. 1992) (concluding pro se appellant abandoned issues not argued in his opening brief).
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