Antonio LEON-ANDRES, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.
Decided: May 14, 2020
Before: BERZON, N.R. SMITH, and MILLER, Circuit Judges.
Sarah Vanessa Perez, Law Offices of Sarah V. Perez, Montebello, CA, for Petitioner Andrea Gevas, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent
Antonio Leon-Andres, a native and citizen of Guatemala, petitions for review of an immigration judge’s (“IJ”) determination under 8 C.F.R. § 1208.31(a) that he did not have a reasonable fear of persecution or torture in Guatemala, and is thus not entitled to relief from his reinstated removal order. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review an IJ’s negative reasonable fear determination for substantial evidence. Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 829, 833 (9th Cir. 2016), and we deny the petition for review.
Substantial evidence supports the IJ’s determination that Leon-Andres failed to establish a reasonable possibility of persecution in Guatemala on account of a protected ground. See INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S. 478, 483, 112 S.Ct. 812, 117 L.Ed.2d 38 (1992) (an applicant “must provide some evidence of [motive], direct or circumstantial”); see also Zetino v. Holder, 622 F.3d 1007, 1016 (9th Cir. 2010) (petitioner’s “desire to be free from harassment by criminals motivated by theft or random violence by gang members bears no nexus to a protected ground”).
Substantial evidence also supports the IJ’s determination that Leon-Andres failed to demonstrate a reasonable possibility of torture by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to Guatemala. See Garcia-Milian v. Holder, 755 F.3d 1026, 1033-35 (9th Cir. 2014) (concluding that petitioner did not establish the necessary state action for CAT relief).
PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED.
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