Moises MORENO-CRUZ, aka Moises Moreno Cruz, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.
Decided: May 11, 2020
Before: BERZON, N.R. SMITH, and MILLER, Circuit Judges.
Elias Z. Shamieh, Attorney, Raymond Chau, Attorney, Law Offices of Shamieh and Ternieden, San Francisco, CA, for Petitioner Matthew Allan Spurlock, Attorney, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent
Moises Moreno-Cruz, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge’s decision denying his application for withholding of removal and relief under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). Our jurisdiction is governed by 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Garcia-Milian v. Holder, 755 F.3d 1026, 1031 (9th Cir. 2014). We review de novo questions of law, Cerezo v. Mukasey, 512 F.3d 1163, 1166 (9th Cir. 2008), except to the extent that deference is owed to the BIA’s interpretation of the governing statutes and regulations, Simeonov v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 532, 535 (9th Cir. 2004). We deny in part and dismiss in part the petition for review.
Substantial evidence supports the agency’s conclusion that Moreno-Cruz failed to establish that he could not reasonably relocate within Mexico to avoid future persecution. See 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b)(2)-(3); see also Gonzalez-Medina v. Holder, 641 F.3d 333, 338 (9th Cir. 2011) (petitioner failed to meet her burden of establishing it would be unreasonable for her to relocate). The BIA did not err in finding that Moreno-Cruz failed to establish membership in a cognizable particular social group. See Barbosa v. Barr, 926 F.3d 1053, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 2019) (finding that individuals returning to Mexico from the United States who are believed to be wealthy does not constitute a particular social group). Thus, Moreno-Cruz’s withholding of removal claim fails.
Substantial evidence also supports the agency’s denial of CAT relief because Moreno-Cruz failed to show it is more likely than not he would be tortured by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to Mexico. See Zheng v. Holder, 644 F.3d 829, 835-36 (9th Cir. 2011) (possibility of torture too speculative).
We lack jurisdiction to consider Moreno-Cruz’s contentions regarding substantial economic deprivation and a pattern or practice of persecution. See Barron v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 674, 678 (9th Cir. 2004) (the court lacks jurisdiction to review claims not presented to the agency).
Finally, we reject as unsupported by the record Moreno-Cruz’s contentions that the agency applied the incorrect legal standards to his claims.
PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED in part; DISMISSED in part.
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