JOHNSON v. WASHINGTON STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION WSDOT WSDOT (2020)
United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.
Brenda M. JOHNSON, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. WASHINGTON STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, aka WSDOT; Patty Rubstello, P.E., Director of Toll Operations WSDOT, Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: April 10, 2020
Before: TASHIMA, BYBEE, and WATFORD, Circuit Judges.
Brenda M. Johnson, Pro Se Zebular James Madison, Assistant Attorney General, AGWA - Office of the Washington Attorney General, Tacoma, WA, for Defendant-Appellee
Brenda M. Johnson appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing her action alleging federal claims arising from her employment at the Washington State Department of Transportation. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We affirm.
In her opening brief, Johnson fails to address the grounds for dismissal and has therefore waived her challenge to the district court's orders. See Indep. Towers of Wash. v. Washington, 350 F.3d 925, 929 (9th Cir. 2003) (“[W]e will not consider any claims that were not actually argued in appellant's opening brief.”); Acosta-Huerta v. Estelle, 7 F.3d 139, 144 (9th Cir. 1992) (issues not supported by argument in pro se appellant's opening brief are waived); see also Greenwood v. FAA, 28 F.3d 971, 977 (9th Cir. 1994) (“We will not manufacture arguments for an appellant, and a bare assertion does not preserve a claim[.]”).
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