Paul FLETCHER; Carole Wockner, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. DONALD L. JOHNSON, PC; Julie Boynton, Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: April 10, 2020
Before: TASHIMA, BYBEE, and WATFORD, Circuit Judges.
Paul Fletcher, Pro Se Carole Wockner, Pro Se Ariel Weissberg, Weissberg and Associates, Ltd., Chicago, IL, Randall Alan Spencer, Attorney, Beverly Hills, CA, for Defendants - Appellees
Paul Fletcher and Carole Wockner appeal pro se from the district court’s judgment dismissing their diversity action arising out of defendants’ legal representation of them. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo a dismissal for lack of personal jurisdiction. CollegeSource, Inc. v. AcademyOne, Inc., 653 F.3d 1066, 1073 (9th Cir. 2011). We affirm.
The district court properly dismissed plaintiffs’ action because plaintiffs failed to allege facts sufficient to make a prima facie showing that the district court had personal jurisdiction over these defendants. See id. at 1074-80 (discussing requirements for general and specific personal jurisdiction); Sher v. Johnson, 911 F.2d 1357, 1363 (9th Cir. 1990) (“Out-of-state legal representation does not establish purposeful availment ․ where the law firm is solicited in its home state and takes no affirmative action to promote business within the forum state.”).
Because plaintiffs failed to raise any argument below regarding venue, they have waived any challenge regarding the issue. See Alaska Airlines, Inc. v. United Airlines, Inc., 948 F.2d 536, 546 n.15 (9th Cir. 1991) (“It is well established that an appellate court will not reverse a district court on the basis of a theory that was not raised below.”).
Defendants’ motion to dismiss (Docket Entry No. 12) is denied. Plaintiffs’ motion to strike (Docket Entry No. 25) is denied as unnecessary.
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