UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Mary M. BRIDGES, Defendant-Appellant.
Decided: March 06, 2020
Before: MURGUIA, CHRISTEN, and BADE, Circuit Judges.
Bram Alden, L. Ashley Aull, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Julia S. Choe, Assistant United States Attorney, Sharon K. McCaslin, Assistant U.S. Attorney, DOJ - Office of the U.S. Attorney, Los Angeles, CA, for Plaintiff - Appellee James H. Locklin, Esquire, Assistant Federal Public Defender, FPDCA - Federal Public Defender's Office, Los Angeles, CA, for Defendant - Appellant
Mary M. Bridges appeals from the district court's order affirming her bench-trial conviction for assault within maritime jurisdiction, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(5). We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
Bridges contends that the government presented insufficient evidence that the assault took place within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States. We need not resolve the parties’ dispute regarding the standard of review for this claim because it fails even on de novo review. See United States v. Hong, 938 F.3d 1040, 1047-48 (9th Cir. 2019). At trial, the government presented expert testimony that the assault occurred at a residence on Oceanview Boulevard on Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB), that all of the residences on VAFB are located within a particular area, and that the United States has jurisdiction over that area. Testimony from the victim that that the assault occurred at a VAFB residence located on Oceanview Avenue, rather than Oceanview Boulevard, does not lead us to conclude that “no rational trier of fact could find” that the government established the jurisdictional element of section 113. See United States v. Nevils, 598 F.3d 1158, 1169 (9th Cir. 2010) (en banc); see also United States v. Read, 918 F.3d 712, 718 (9th Cir. 2019). Rather, viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the prosecution, a rational trier of fact could have found that the assault occurred at a location within the jurisdiction of the United States. See Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307, 319, 99 S.Ct. 2781, 61 L.Ed.2d 560 (1979).
The government's opposed motion for judicial notice is denied.
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