Ciron Bentay SPRINGFIELD, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. G. MARSHALL, Lieutenant; Senior Hearing Officer, individual, Defendant-Appellee.
Decided: January 14, 2020
Before: CALLAHAN, NGUYEN, and HURWITZ, Circuit Judges.
Ciron Bentay Springfield, Pro Se Neculai Catalin Grecea, Esquire, AGCA-Office of the California Attorney General, Los Angeles, CA, for Defendant-Appellee
California state prisoner Ciron Bentay Springfield appeals pro se from the district court’s summary judgment for failure to exhaust administrative remedies in his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging a retaliation claim. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo, Williams v. Paramo, 775 F.3d 1182, 1191 (9th Cir. 2015), and we affirm.
The district court properly granted summary judgment on Springfield’s retaliation claim because Springfield failed to exhaust administrative remedies, and failed to raise a genuine dispute of material fact as to whether administrative remedies were effectively unavailable to him. See Ross v. Blake, ––– U.S. ––––, 136 S. Ct. 1850, 1856, 1858-60, 195 L.Ed.2d 117 (2016) (explaining that an inmate must exhaust “such administrative remedies as are available” before bringing suit; and describing limited circumstances in which administrative remedies are unavailable (citation and internal quotation marks omitted)); Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 90, 126 S.Ct. 2378, 165 L.Ed.2d 368 (2006) (“[P]roper exhaustion of administrative remedies ․ means using all steps that the agency holds out, and doing so properly (so that the agency addresses the issues on the merits).” (citation and internal quotation marks omitted)).
We do not consider matters not specifically and distinctly raised and argued in the opening brief. See Padgett v. Wright, 587 F.3d 983, 985 n.2 (9th Cir. 2009).
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.