Lance R. MARTIN, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. R. BERG, MTS Officer; M. Rini, MTS Officer, Defendants-Appellees.
Decided: December 18, 2019
Before: WALLACE, CANBY, and TASHIMA, Circuit Judges.
Lance R. Martin, San Diego, CA, pro se. Roger Powell Bingham, Esquire, Wheatley Bingham & Baker LLP, Solana Beach, CA, for Defendants-Appellees.
Lance R. Martin appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging that Metropolitan Transit System Officers Berg and Rini falsely arrested Martin in violation of the Fourth Amendment. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo a dismissal for failure to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Vestar Dev. II, LLC v. Gen. Dynamics Corp., 249 F.3d 958, 960 (9th Cir. 2001).
The district court properly dismissed Martin's action because Martin failed to allege facts sufficient to show that Berg and Rini in fact arrested him. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009) (“To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’ ” (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007))); Lacey v. Maricopa County, 693 F.3d 896, 918 (9th Cir. 2012) (“A claim for unlawful arrest is cognizable under § 1983 as a violation of the Fourth Amendment, provided the arrest was without probable cause or other justification.”).
Because Martin denies bringing state-law false arrest claims against Berg and Rini, we do not consider the district court's finding that those claims are barred by the California Government Code. We also do not consider any other matters not specifically and distinctly raised and argued in the opening brief. See Acosta-Huerta v. Estelle, 7 F.3d 139, 144 (9th Cir. 1992) (concluding pro se appellant abandoned issues not argued in his opening brief).
Martin's motion to take judicial notice of court documents related to a fare evasion citation issued after the district court's order of dismissal is denied.
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