Lawrence Lamar JACKIO, Petitioner-Appellant, v. Christian PFEIFFER, Warden, Respondent-Appellee.
Decided: November 21, 2019
Before: CANBY, TASHIMA, and CHRISTEN, Circuit Judges.
Lawrence Lamar Jackio, Pro Se Max Feinstat, AGCA-Office of the California Attorney General, Sacramento, CA, for Respondent-Appellee
California state prisoner Lawrence Lamar Jackio appeals pro se from the district court’s judgment denying his 28 U.S.C. § 2254 habeas corpus petition. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 2253. We review de novo the district court’s denial of a section 2254 habeas petition, see Stanley v. Cullen, 633 F.3d 852, 859 (9th Cir. 2011), and we affirm.
Jackio contends that his waiver of the right to counsel under Faretta v. California, 422 U.S. 806, 95 S.Ct. 2525, 45 L.Ed.2d 562 (1975), was involuntary because the state trial court failed to advise him of the full range of penalties he faced on each count if convicted, and in particular, the possibility of multiple consecutive life sentences. We need not determine whether the government is correct that the state court’s rejection of this claim is entitled to deference under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1) because Jackio’s claim fails even under de novo review. The record reflects that Jackio was correctly advised of the cumulative maximum term of lifetime imprisonment that he faced upon conviction, the nature of the charges against him, and the dangers of self-representation. Accordingly, Jackio waived his right to counsel “with eyes open.” Faretta, 422 U.S. at 835, 95 S.Ct. 2525; see also United States v. Neal, 776 F.3d 645, 657-59 (9th Cir. 2015). An understanding of the precise range of potential sentences was not required. See Arrendondo v. Neven, 763 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2014) (to validly waive counsel, defendant need only have a “general understanding of the potential penalties of conviction”).
We treat Jackio’s additional arguments as a motion to expand the certificate of appealability and deny the motion. See 9th Cir. R. 22-1(e); Hiivala v. Wood, 195 F.3d 1098, 1104-05 (9th Cir. 1999).
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