William James BERRY, Sr., Petitioner, v. Brian WILLIAMS, Sr. Respondent.
Decided: November 14, 2019
Before: MURPHY,* PAEZ, and RAWLINSON, Circuit Judges.
Heather Fraley, Esquire, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Jonathan Michael Kirshbaum, Federal Public Defender's Office Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, for Petitioner Jeffrey Morgan Conner, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Heather D. Procter, Deputy Attorney General, AGNV - Nevada Office of the Attorney General, Carson City, NV, for Respondent
Petitioner Berry has applied for permission to file a second or successive habeas corpus application to present a claim that a jury instruction given during his trial violated his right to due process by eliminating an element of first-degree murder. See Sandstrom v. Montana, 442 U.S. 510, 521, 99 S.Ct. 2450, 61 L.Ed.2d 39 (1979).
“The court of appeals may authorize the filing of a second or successive application only if it determines that the application makes a prima facie showing that the application satisfies the requirements of [§ 2244(b) ].” 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(C); see also 9th Cir. Rule 22-3(a)(4) (providing that an application to file a second or successive § 2254 petition must “state how the requirements of section[ ] 2244(b) ․ have been satisfied”). Section 2244(b)(2) provides as follows:
A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application ․ that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless —
(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law ․ or
(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and (ii) the facts underlying the claim ․ would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(2).
Berry has made neither showing. He does not assert that the factual predicate for his claim could not have been discovered previously. Nor has he shown that his claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law. The Supreme Court cases on which he relies, Montgomery v. Louisiana, ––– U.S. ––––, 136 S. Ct. 718, 193 L.Ed.2d 599 (2016) and Welch v. United States, ––– U.S. ––––, 136 S. Ct. 1257, 194 L.Ed.2d 387 (2016), do not require retroactive application of a change in state law, like that adopted by the Nevada Supreme Court in Byford v. State, 116 Nev. 215, 994 P.2d 700 (2000), to cases on collateral review.
The application is DENIED.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.