Hugo RAMIREZ-MENDOZA, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.
Decided: October 18, 2019
Before: FARRIS, LEAVY, and RAWLINSON, Circuit Judges.
Alan Michael Anzarouth, Attorney, San Diego, CA, for Petitioner Jenny C. Lee, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent
Hugo Ramirez-Mendoza, a native and citizen of Mexico, seeks review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge’s decision denying his application for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). Our jurisdiction is governed by 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2006). We deny in part and dismiss in part the petition for review.
Substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that, even if credible, Ramirez-Mendoza failed to establish he would be persecuted on account of a protected ground. See Zetino v. Holder, 622 F.3d 1007, 1016 (9th Cir. 2010) (an applicant’s “desire to be free from harassment by criminals motivated by theft or random violence by gang members bears no nexus to a protected ground”). To the extent Ramirez-Mendoza asserts he is a member of the particular social group of family, we lack jurisdiction to consider this claim as he failed to raise it before the BIA. See Barron v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 674, 677-78 (9th Cir. 2004) (court lacks jurisdiction to review claims not presented to the agency). Thus, Ramirez-Mendoza’s asylum and withholding of removal claims fail.
Substantial evidence also supports the agency’s denial of CAT relief because Ramirez-Mendoza failed to show it is more likely than not he will be tortured by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to Mexico. See Aden v. Holder, 589 F.3d 1040, 1047 (9th Cir. 2009).
The government’s motion for reconsideration (Docket Entry No. 30) is denied as moot.
PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED in part; DISMISSED in part.
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