UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Dalia Marquez BERNAL, Defendant-Appellant.
Decided: December 16, 2019
Before WILKINSON, AGEE, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges.
Dalia Marquez Bernal, Appellant Pro Se.
Dalia Marquez Bernal seeks to appeal the district court's order adopting the magistrate judge's recommendations and dismissing her 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion. The order is not appealable unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B) (2012). A certificate of appealability will not issue absent “a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) (2012). When the district court denies relief on the merits, a movant satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists would find that the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims is debatable or wrong. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484, 120 S.Ct. 1595, 146 L.Ed.2d 542 (2000); see Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336–38, 123 S.Ct. 1029, 154 L.Ed.2d 931 (2003). When the district court denies relief on procedural grounds, the movant must demonstrate both that the dispositive procedural ruling is debatable, and that the motion states a debatable claim of the denial of a constitutional right. Slack, 529 U.S. at 484–85, 120 S.Ct. 1595.
We have independently reviewed the record and conclude that Bernal has not made the required showing. In the district court, Bernal challenged her 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (2012) convictions based on Johnson v. United States, ––– U.S. ––––, 135 S. Ct. 2551, 192 L.Ed.2d 569 (2015). However, the predicate offenses for her § 924(c) convictions were Hobbs Act robberies committed on February 8, 2013 and February 10, 2013, which are crimes of violence under the force clause of § 924(c). See United States v. Mathis, 932 F.3d 242, 266 (4th Cir. 2019) (“Hobbs Act robbery constitutes a crime of violence under the force clause of Section 924(c)”). On appeal, Bernal also asserts an ineffective assistance of counsel claim, which similarly lacks merit. We therefore conclude that Bernal fails to make a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.
Accordingly, we deny a certificate of appealability, deny the pending motions, and dismiss the appeal. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Dismissed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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