Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Shyla OSMOND, respondent, v. HOFSTRA UNIVERSITY, et al., appellants, et al., defendant.
Decided: May 23, 2018
ALAN D. SCHEINKMAN, P.J., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, ROBERT J. MILLER, VALERIE BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ.
Rivkin Radler LLP, Uniondale, N.Y. (Cheryl F. Korman and Frank Raia of counsel), for appellants. Bamundo, Zwal & Schermerhorn, LLP, New York, N.Y. (Michael C. Zwal of counsel), for respondent.
DECISION & ORDER
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the defendants Hofstra University and Hofstra Summer Camps appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (George R. Peck, J.), entered July 20, 2017. The order denied the motion of the defendants Hofstra University and Hofstra Summer Camps for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against them.
ORDERED that the order is reversed, on the law, with costs, and the motion of the defendants Hofstra University and Hofstra Summer Camps for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against them is granted.
The plaintiff was attending a basketball camp at the defendant Hofstra University when she allegedly was injured while dunking a basketball during a slam dunk competition. Thereafter, the plaintiff commenced this action against Hofstra University and Hofstra Summer Camps (hereinafter together the Hofstra defendants), and another, alleging, among other things, negligent supervision. The Hofstra defendants moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against them on the ground that the doctrine of primary assumption of risk barred any recovery in this case against them. The Supreme Court denied the motion, and the Hofstra defendants appeal.
Under the doctrine of primary assumption of risk, “[i]f the risks [of a sporting activity] are known by or perfectly obvious to [a voluntary participant], he or she has consented to them and the [defendant] has discharged its duty of care by making the conditions as safe as they appear to be” (Brown v. City of New York, 69 A.D.3d 893, 893, 895 N.Y.S.2d 442; see Morgan v. State of New York, 90 N.Y.2d 471, 484, 662 N.Y.S.2d 421, 685 N.E.2d 202). Risks inherent in a sporting activity are those which are known, apparent, natural, or reasonably foreseeable consequences of the participation (see E.B. v. Camp Achim, 156 A.D.3d 865, 866, 67 N.Y.S.3d 666). Participants are not deemed to have assumed the risks of reckless or intentional conduct, or concealed or unreasonably increased risks (see Morgan v. State of New York, 90 N.Y.2d at 485, 662 N.Y.S.2d 421, 685 N.E.2d 202).
The Hofstra defendants demonstrated their prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by establishing that the plaintiff assumed the risk of injury by voluntarily participating in the slam dunk competition (see Bukowski v. Clarkson Univ., 19 N.Y.3d 353, 948 N.Y.S.2d 568, 971 N.E.2d 849). In opposition, the plaintiff submitted the affidavit of a sports expert, which failed to raise a triable issue of fact as to whether the plaintiff assumed the risk of her injuries (see Musante v. Oceanside Union Free School Dist., 63 A.D.3d 806, 881 N.Y.S.2d 446; see also Legac v. South Glens Falls Cent. Sch. Dist., 150 A.D.3d 1582, 52 N.Y.S.3d 750).
Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have granted the motion of the Hofstra defendants for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against them.
SCHEINKMAN, P.J., LEVENTHAL, MILLER and BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ., concur.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.