Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, New York.
The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent, v. Henry EDWARDS, Appellant.
Decided: April 26, 2018
Before: Devine, J.P., Mulvey, Aarons and Pritzker, JJ.
Linda B. Johnson, East Greenbush, for appellant. Joel E. Abelove, District Attorney, Troy (Nicholas W. Dorando of counsel), for respondent.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Appeal from a judgment of the County Court of Rensselaer County (Ceresia, J.), rendered January 14, 2015, convicting defendant upon his plea of guilty of the crime of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree.
Defendant was charged in an indictment with criminal sale of a controlled substance in the first degree. He entered a guilty plea to the reduced charge of criminal sale of a controlled substance in the third degree and waived his right to appeal upon the understanding that he would be sentenced to six years in prison followed by two years of postrelease supervision. County Court imposed the agreed-upon sentence, and this appeal by defendant ensued.
Initially, defendant's challenge to the validity of his waiver of the right to appeal is unpersuasive. During the plea colloquy, County Court explained that the waiver of the right to appeal was separate and distinct from the trial-related rights that defendant was forfeiting by pleading guilty. Defendant confirmed that he understood and, after conferring with counsel, executed a detailed written waiver in open court. Inasmuch as “the oral colloquy, combined with the written waiver, demonstrate his understanding and voluntary waiver of his right to appeal,” defendant's challenge to the severity of the agreed-upon sentence imposed is precluded (People v. Gagnon, 153 A.D.3d 1451, 1452, 59 N.Y.S.3d 718  [internal quotation marks and citations omitted]; see People v. Zeller, 153 A.D.3d 1049, 1050–1051, 60 N.Y.S.3d 588  ).
Although defendant's challenge to the voluntariness of his plea survives his valid appeal waiver, it is unpreserved for our review in the absence of an appropriate postallocution motion (see People v. McRae, 150 A.D.3d 1328, 1329, 51 N.Y.S.3d 434 , lv denied 29 N.Y.3d 1093, 63 N.Y.S.3d 9, 85 N.E.3d 104 ; People v. Bonds, 148 A.D.3d 1304, 1305, 47 N.Y.S.3d 916 , lvs denied 29 N.Y.3d 1076, 1081, 64 N.Y.S.3d 166, 171, 86 N.E.3d 253, 258  ).1 The plea colloquy does not, contrary to defendant's contention, contain anything that would bring this case within the narrow exception to the preservation requirement (see People v. Lopez, 71 N.Y.2d 662, 665–666, 529 N.Y.S.2d 465, 525 N.E.2d 5 ; People v. LaSanta, 158 A.D.3d 897, 897, 67 N.Y.S.3d 864  ). Were we to reach this issue, we would find defendant's argument to be unavailing (see People v. White, 153 A.D.3d 1041, 1042, 60 N.Y.S.3d 584  ). His ineffective assistance of counsel claim also survives his appeal waiver to the extent that it impacts upon the voluntariness of his guilty plea, but is unpreserved for our review in the absence of an appropriate postallocution motion (see People v. Young, 158 A.D.3d 955, 956, 68 N.Y.S.3d 773 ; People v. Williams, 150 A.D.3d 1549, 1551, 56 N.Y.S.3d 357  ). Accordingly, the judgment of conviction is affirmed.
ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.
1. Notably, defendant stressed at his sentencing that he did not wish to withdraw his plea.
Mulvey, Aarons and Pritzker, JJ., concur.
Was this helpful?
Response sent, thank you
Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes
A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.