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STATE v. REDDEN (2020)

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Court of Appeals of Iowa.

STATE of Iowa, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Greg M. REDDEN, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 19-0735

Decided: November 04, 2020

Considered by Bower, C.J., and May and Ahlers, JJ. Martha J. Lucey, State Appellate Defender, and Stephan J. Japuntich, Assistant Appellate Defender, for appellant. Thomas J. Miller, Attorney General, and Martha E. Trout, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.

Greg Redden stole merchandise from Fleet Farm. He pled guilty to theft in the third degree. See Iowa Code §§ 714.1(1), 714.2(3) (2018). The district court sentenced Redden to prison. The sentencing order suspended a fine but imposed court costs. The order also provided that Redden “shall pay not less than $50 monthly and the first payment shall be due within 30 days from the date of this order, until the fine, surcharges, restitution (if ordered) and court costs are paid in full.”

On appeal, Redden raises a single issue: Did the district court err by requiring Redden to pay court costs before determining Redden's reasonable ability to pay court costs? We answer that question in the affirmative. Iowa Code section 910.2(1)(a)(3) provides that the district court may only order restitution for costs after finding the defendant has a reasonable ability to pay.1 State v. Hellman, No. 18-1179, 2020 WL 110283, at *3 (Iowa Ct. App. Jan. 9, 2020) (citing State v. Albright, 925 N.W.2d 144, 159 (Iowa 2019)). We vacate the restitution provisions of the sentencing order and remand to the district court to order restitution consistent with Albright, 925 N.W.2d at 158–62.2



1.   Iowa Code chapter 910 was recently amended to presume a defendant has the ability to pay and shift the burden to the defendant to request an ability-to-pay determination. See 2020 Iowa Acts ch. 1074, § 72 (codified at § 910.2A (Supp. 2020)) (enacting portions of Senate File 457 and providing “[a]n offender is presumed to have the reasonable ability to make restitution payments for the full amount of category ‘B’ restitution”). However, our supreme court issued an order clarifying the recent amendments apply to defendants sentenced on or after June 25, 2020. See Iowa Supreme Ct. Supervisory Order, In the matter of Interim Procedures Governing Ability to Pay Determinations and Conversion of Restitution Orders ¶ (C) (July 7, 2020) (“A defendant sentenced on or after June 25, 2020, shall be subject to the requirements of S.F. 457.”).

2.   See State v. Doran, No. 18-1086, 2020 WL 5651278, at *1 (Iowa Ct. App. Sept. 23, 2020) (remanding for resentencing in accordance with Albright and noting recent statutory changes to restitution were not applicable).

MAY, Judge.

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