Skip to main content

SERBAN v. HUNTER (2022)

Court of Appeals of Georgia.

SERBAN v. HUNTER.

A21A1799

Decided: February 14, 2022

Williams Teusink, Eric Michael Teusink, Gala Villahoz, Atlanta, for Appellant. Isenberg & Hewitt, Eric Noyes Van De Water, for Appellee.

Evan Hunter filed a petition to vacate or modify an arbitration award entered against him in favor of Nicoleta Serban. Following a hearing, the superior court concluded that it was unable to vacate, modify, or confirm the arbitration award because, inter alia, no arbitration award was submitted into evidence. On appeal, Serban contends that the superior court erred by not considering the award. For the following reasons, we reverse the judgment and remand the case to the superior court for proceedings consistent with this opinion.

The procedural history of this case is undisputed. In February 2019, Serban entered into a contract with Hunter Reising, Inc. for the construction of a new home. Hunter was the CEO or principal of Hunter Reising and signed the contract in that capacity. The contract contained an arbitration clause. In November 2019, Serban sent Hunter a demand for mediation and arbitration.

At the arbitration hearing, neither Hunter nor any representative of Hunter Reising appeared, and ultimately an award was entered on behalf of Serban. Following the issuance of the award, Hunter filed a petition in the superior court to vacate or modify the arbitration award claiming that the arbitrator erred by naming Hunter, individually, as the respondent. Serban filed a counterclaim seeking, inter alia, confirmation of the arbitration award.

At the conclusion of the hearing on both parties’ motions, the superior court requested that both sides submit proposed orders. The following colloquy then took place between Serban's counsel and the superior court:

COUNSEL: [T]o the extent that our attachment as Exhibit B to our response of the award of arbitration was insufficient, we'd be happy to tender it into evidence.

COURT: Well, when you say you'll be happy to tender it into evidence, evidence has actually closed at this point in time. We were doing closing arguments.

COUNSEL: Yeah.

COURT: But I understand. You gave me that offer but alright.

The superior court issued an order stating that “no award entered by an arbitration authority was submitted into evidence for this [c]ourt to consider” and concluding that it was unable to vacate, modify, or confirm the arbitration award. It is from this order that Serban appeals.

Initially, we note that at no point was the existence of the arbitration award disputed. The arbitration award was attached as an exhibit to both Hunter's petition to modify the award and Serban's counterclaim. Accordingly, the arbitration award was a part of the pleadings. See OCGA § 9-11-10 (c) (“A copy of any written instrument which is an exhibit to a pleading is a part thereof for all purposes.”). Additionally, the arbitration award was not only made part of the proceedings, both parties in their respective petition and answer admitted to the existence of the award. Considering that the award was both admitted to by the parties and attached to both parties’ pleadings, the superior court erred by failing to consider the arbitration award at issue solely because the award was not introduced into evidence at the hearing. Because the superior court erred in refusing to consider the arbitration award that is material to the parties’ claims, we vacate the judgment and remand this case to the trial court for its reconsideration of the issues presented. See generally Hearn v. Guarin, 362 Ga. App. 246, 867 S.E.2d 847 (2022).

Judgment reversed and case remanded.

Rickman, Chief Judge.

McFadden, P. J., and Senior Appellate Judge Herbert E. Phipps concur.

Was this helpful?

Thank you. Your response has been sent.

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes

A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

Go to Learn About the Law
SERBAN v. HUNTER (2022)

Docket No: A21A1799

Decided: February 14, 2022

Court: Court of Appeals of Georgia.

Get a profile on the #1 online legal directory

Harness the power of our directory with your own profile. Select the button below to sign up.

Sign up

Learn About the Law

Get help with your legal needs

FindLaw’s Learn About the Law features thousands of informational articles to help you understand your options. And if you’re ready to hire an attorney, find one in your area who can help.

Learn more about the law
Copied to clipboard