Skip to main content


Court of Appeals of Georgia.



Decided: May 12, 2021

Pate & Johnson, Page A. Pate, Jess B. Johnson, for appellant. Daniel J. Porter, District Attorney, Christopher A. George, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.

Following a jury trial, Thomas Edvalson was convicted of 22 counts of sexual exploitation of children (OCGA § 16-12-100), for possessing 11 digital images depicting a minor engaged in sexually explicit behavior. Edvalson v. State, 310 Ga. 7, 849 S.E.2d 204 (2020). For each digital image, Edvalson was found guilty of both possession, pursuant to OCGA § 16-12-100 (b) (8), and possession with intent distribute, under OCGA § 16-12-100 (b) (5). Edvalson, 310 Ga. at 7, 849 S.E.2d 204. At sentencing, the trial court merged all the possession counts into the possession with intent to distribute counts and sentenced him only on the possession with intent to distribute counts. Id.

Edvalson appealed from the sentence imposed, and we affirmed, holding that OCGA § 16-12-100 (b) (5) allowed Edvalson to be separately convicted and sentenced for each image in his possession. Edvalson v. State, 351 Ga. App. XXIV (Case No. A19A0442) (June 28, 2019) (unpublished). The Supreme Court of Georgia granted certiorari and reversed our decision, holding that the plain language of OCGA § 16-12-100 (b) (5) permits only one prosecution and conviction for a single act of possession of child pornography, regardless of the number of images. Edvalson, 310 Ga. at 7-11, 849 S.E.2d 204, citing Coates v. State, 304 Ga. 329, 331-332, 818 S.E.2d 622 (2018). Thus, the Supreme Court found that we erred in affirming the trial court's sentence as to each individual possession count. Edvalson, 310 Ga. at 7-11, 849 S.E.2d 204. The Court then remanded the case to this Court to vacate Edvalson's convictions and sentences, and to remand the case to the trial court for resentencing.1 Id. at 11, 849 S.E.2d 204.

Accordingly, we adopt the Supreme Court's decision as our own, vacate Edvalson's convictions and sentences for the 11 counts under OCGA § 16-12-100 (b) (5), and remand the case to the trial court for resentencing consistent with the Supreme Court's decision.2

Judgment vacated and case remanded with direction.


1.   “When the Supreme Court considers only a portion of a Court of Appeals’ opinion and reverses, it is for [this Court] to determine on remand whether the portions of its earlier opinion that were not considered by the Supreme Court are consistent with [its] ruling.” (Citations and punctuation omitted.) Agnes Scott College, Inc. v. Hartley, 330 Ga. App. 575, 576 (2), 768 S.E.2d 767 (2015). Edvalson raised an ineffective assistance claim with regard to trial counsel's failure to request that the trial court merge the possession with intent to distribute counts into a single count. Edvalson, 351 Ga. App. XXIV. However, the Supreme Court's opinion moots Edvalson's argument in this regard.

2.   In a footnote, the Supreme Court indicated that we “rejected” its decision in Coates v. State, 304 Ga. 329, 331-332, 818 S.E.2d 622 (2018), and instead relied heavily on our own decision in State v. Williams, 347 Ga. App. 183, 186, 818 S.E.2d 256 (2018), in evaluating the unit-of-prosecution issue, and it concluded that our reliance thereon “was not well-founded.” Edvalson, 310 Ga. at 10, n. 6, 849 S.E.2d 204. We take this opportunity to note that the Supreme Court's decision in Williams v. State, 307 Ga. 778, 838 S.E.2d 235 (2020), was issued after our original decision in Edvalson. Thus, our holding in Edvalson was based on existing precedent at the time. Additionally, we did not reject or otherwise ignore Coates; we acknowledged it as precedent and relied on the analysis therein to reach a different conclusion.

Markle, Judge.

Doyle, P. J., and Senior Appellate Judge Herbert E. Phipps concur.

Was this helpful?

Thank you. Your response has been sent.

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes

A free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

Go to Learn About the Law

Docket No: A19A0442

Decided: May 12, 2021

Court: Court of Appeals of Georgia.

Get a profile on the #1 online legal directory

Harness the power of our directory with your own profile. Select the button below to sign up.

Sign up

Learn About the Law

Get help with your legal needs

FindLaw’s Learn About the Law features thousands of informational articles to help you understand your options. And if you’re ready to hire an attorney, find one in your area who can help.

Learn more about the law
Copied to clipboard