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GOWER v. STATE (2012)

Court of Appeals of Georgia.


No. A11A1505.

Decided: January 24, 2012

Charles E.W. Barrow, for Gower. Layla Hinton Zon, for The State.

Joshua Gower appeals from the judgment of conviction and sentence entered on his non-negotiated guilty plea on one count of burglary, arguing that defense counsel was ineffective and that the trial court erred by denying his motion to withdraw his plea. Finding no error, we affirm.

The predicate facts developed at the guilty plea hearing show that after Elizabeth Summerland and her son, Chris, arrived at home, Chris found their neighbor, Joshua Gower, under his bed. Gower told law enforcement that he had permission from Elizabeth Summerland's husband, Edward Summerland, to obtain items from the home. According to a responding law enforcement officer, Edward denied this. The co-defendant in this case, Matthew Barber, who had already entered a guilty plea, stated to law enforcement that he was the lookout for Gower. Gower was then arrested and indicted on one count of burglary. On July 8, 2010, a week before his scheduled trial, Gower accepted a non-negotiated plea of guilty to one count of burglary. Gower subsequently filed a motion to withdraw this plea and the motion was denied. Gower appeals and argues that he received ineffective assistance of counsel.

Initially, we note that although a guilty plea may be withdrawn anytime before sentencing, “once a sentence has been entered, a guilty plea may only be withdrawn to correct a manifest injustice and a trial court's refusal to allow withdrawal will not be disturbed on appeal absent a manifest abuse of discretion.”1 In reviewing the motion, “the trial court is the final arbiter of all factual disputes raised by the evidence. If evidence supports the trial court's findings, we must affirm.”2 The trial court's legal conclusions are reviewed de novo.3

When a defendant pleads guilty and seeks to overturn his conviction because of counsel's errors, he “must show both that counsel's performance was deficient and that there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's errors, he would not have pleaded guilty and would have insisted on going to trial.”4 When evaluating counsel's performance to determine whether it was deficient, “there is a strong presumption that counsel's conduct falls within a wide range of reasonable professional assistance.”5 Gower has not satisfied either prong of this test.

Gower argues that he pled primarily because he feared proceeding to trial because his counsel was not adequately prepared. In support of this contention, he maintains that his lawyer failed to properly investigate the facts by not interviewing Elizabeth Summerland, her son, or co-defendant Barber. However, nothing on the record shows that his counsel was inadequately prepared.6 At the motion to withdraw hearing, plea counsel testified that she had met with Gower and spoken to him on the phone several times before the trial calendar; she met with Edward Summerland in her office and explored the possible defense that Gower had permission to be in the home at the time of his arrest; she spoke with the attorney for co-defendant Barber regarding his testimony; and she had attempted to contact Elizabeth and another individual who was present, but was unable to do so.

Gower also contends that he received ineffective assistance because counsel prematurely advised him that Edward's credibility likely would be impeached at trial and he felt pressured to take a plea. Plea counsel had informed Gower that Edward's testimony might not be credible due to his prior felony convictions over a decade ago even though the trial court had not yet had a hearing to determine their admissibility.7 However, plea counsel testified at the motion for new trial hearing that she was aware of the convictions and the possibility that they might not be admitted, but that these prior felonies were not the only basis for possible impeachment of Edward's credibility. Plea counsel further testified that she informed Gower that he had the right to a jury trial, but that it would be the jury's decision to weigh the credibility of the testimony of Edward as a potential exculpatory witness and that his testimony might be impeached not only because of his felony convictions, but also because he made an inconsistent statement to law enforcement on the night of the arrest, and because he was in jail on the night of the arrest. Accordingly, the record shows that counsel's preparation and assessment of the evidence and potential defenses was reasonable and does not support the conclusion that counsel's performance was deficient.8

Finally, Gower did not produce any affirmative evidence at the motion to withdraw the guilty plea hearing that but for his counsel's ineffective assistance, he would have insisted on going to trial.9 Rather, Gower testified, and his counsel confirmed, that the reason he pled guilty was so he could remain out of jail on bond until his sentencing hearing so that he could assist law enforcement with other criminal investigations and possibly receive consideration for that help during his sentencing. Although Gower did provide some conflicting testimony in the motion to withdraw the guilty plea hearing that he was pressured into accepting a plea by his counsel, the trial court is authorized to disbelieve self-serving testimony in favor of defendant's counsel.10

Ample evidence sustained the trial court's findings that supported its conclusion that Gower failed to carry his burden of showing ineffective assistance of counsel. Accordingly, the trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying Gower's motion to withdraw guilty plea.

Judgment affirmed.

MIKELL, Presiding Judge.

DILLARD and BOGGS, JJ., concur.

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GOWER v. STATE (2012)

Docket No: No. A11A1505.

Decided: January 24, 2012

Court: Court of Appeals of Georgia.

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