Y.H. (Anonymous), et al., plaintiffs-respondents, v. TOWN OF OSSINING, et al., appellants, Kompan, Inc., defendant-respondent.
-- October 10, 2012
Henderson & Brennan (Congdon, Flaherty, O'Callaghan, Reid, Donlon, Travis & Fishlinger, Uniondale, N.Y. [Christine Gasser], of counsel), for appellants.Annette G. Hasapidis, South Salem, N.Y., for plaintiffs-respondents.Lawrence, Worden, Rainis, Bard, P.C., Melville, N.Y. (Margaret Hermann of counsel), for defendant-respondent.
In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendants Town of Ossining and Town of Ossining Department of Parks and Recreation appeal from so much of an order of the Supreme Court, Westchester County (Loehr, J.), entered November 15, 2011, as denied their cross motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them.
ORDERED that the order is reversed insofar as appealed from, on the law, with one bill of costs payable by the respondents appearing separately and filing separate briefs, and the cross motion of the defendants Town of Ossining and Town of Ossining Department of Parks and Recreation for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims insofar as asserted against them is granted.
The infant plaintiff allegedly broke his right arm when he fell from a piece of playground equipment known as a “rocking tube” at a park located in the Town of Ossining. The infant plaintiff's mother was supervising him at the time of the accident.
The plaintiffs commenced this action against the Town of Ossining and the Town of Ossining Parks and Recreation Department (hereinafter together the Town defendants), and the manufacturer of the rocking tube, Kompan, Inc. (hereinafter Kompan), alleging that the rocking tube was unreasonably dangerous because it did not have a railing or handle, and it did not have a sign warning that it may move when weight is placed upon it. The plaintiffs further alleged that the Town defendants were negligent in failing to provide an adequate playground surface or ground cover underneath the rocking tube.
After discovery, Kompan moved, and the Town defendants cross-moved, for summary judgment dismissing the complaint and all cross claims insofar as asserted against each of them. In an order entered November 15, 2011, the Supreme Court granted Kompan's motion, but denied the Town defendants' cross motion. The Town appeals from the denial of its cross motion, and we reverse the order insofar as appealed from.
“A landowner has a duty to exercise reasonable care to maintain its premises in a reasonably safe condition ‘in view of all the circumstances, including the likelihood of injury to others, the seriousness of the injury, and the burden of avoiding the risk’ ” (Salomon v. Prainito, 52 A.D.3d 803, 804–805, 861 N.Y.S.2d 718, quoting Basso v. Miller, 40 N.Y.2d 233, 241, 386 N.Y.S.2d 564, 352 N.E.2d 868 [some internal quotation marks omitted]; see Iwelu v. New York City Tr. Auth., 90 A.D.3d 712, 713, 934 N.Y.S.2d 229; Sarbak v. Sementilli, 51 A.D.3d 1001, 1002, 858 N.Y.S.2d 763). Here, the Town defendants established their prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by presenting evidence that the rocking tube was not unreasonably dangerous. In this regard, the Town defendants submitted expert evidence demonstrating that the subject apparatus was tested by the International Play Equipment Manufacturers Association, which found that it conformed with the relevant safety guidelines promulgated by the American Society for Testing and Materials (hereinafter ASTM). The Town defendants also established that they provided signage for the apparatus that complied with ASTM guidelines. Additionally, the Town defendants demonstrated that the depth of the compacted wood chip surface beneath the apparatus conformed with such guidelines and that the surface was maintained in a reasonably safe condition (see Daefler v. Briarcliff Manor Union Free School Dist., 72 A.D.3d 872, 873, 898 N.Y.S.2d 263; Giulini v. Union Free School Dist. # 1, 70 A.D.3d 632, 633, 895 N.Y.S.2d 453; Newman v. Oceanside Union Free School Dist., 23 A.D.3d 631, 631–632, 805 N.Y.S.2d 100; Banks v. Freeport Union Free School Dist., 302 A.D.2d 341, 341, 753 N.Y.S.2d 890). In opposition, the plaintiffs and Kompan failed to raise a triable issue of fact. While the plaintiffs submitted the affidavit of a licensed professional engineer, their expert did not establish that he had any specialized knowledge, experience, training, or education regarding playground equipment so as to qualify him to render an opinion in this area (see O'Boy v. Motor Coach Indus., Inc., 39 A.D.3d 512, 514, 834 N.Y.S.2d 231; Rosen v. Tanning Loft, 16 A.D.3d 480, 481, 791 N.Y.S.2d 641; Shea v. Sky Bounce Ball Co., 294 A.D.2d 486, 487, 742 N.Y.S.2d 383).
Accordingly, the Town defendants' cross motion should have been granted.