HODGES v. UNITED STATES(1961)
Certiorari was granted in this case on the understanding that it presented the question whether the District Court should have accorded petitioner a hearing under 28 U.S.C. 2255 when it appeared that no appeal had been perfected from the original judgment of conviction. A thorough review of the full record revealed that the District Court did in fact conduct such a hearing, though the minutes of such hearing had been lost, and that no hearing was required under the statute, because "the files and records of the case conclusively show" that petitioner was entitled to no relief. Held: The writ is dismissed as improvidently granted.
Reported below: 108 U.S. App. D.C. 375, 282 F.2d 858.
Quinn O'Connell argued the cause for petitioner. With him on the briefs were Henry B. Weaver, Jr. and Hershel Shanks.
Beatrice Rosenberg argued the cause for the United States. With her on the brief were Solicitor General Cox, Assistant Attorney General Miller and J. F. Bishop.
We brought this case here upon the understanding that the question it presented was whether the District Court should have accorded petitioner a hearing under 28 U.S.C. 2255 when it appeared that no appeal had been perfected from the original judgment of conviction. After a thorough review of the full record, made possible after the case was briefed and argued on the merits, we have concluded that the petition for certiorari was improvidently granted. The record shows that the District Court did in fact conduct a hearing upon the petitioner's 2255 motion, 156 F. Supp. 313, but that the [368 U.S. 139, 140] minutes of such hearing have been lost. Whether or not that hearing was adequate need not, however, be determined, for we are satisfied from the record, which includes the trial transcript, that in any event this was a case where no hearing was required under the statute, because "the files and records of the case conclusively show" that the petitioner was entitled to no relief. Therefore, and necessarily without approving or disapproving the view of the Court of Appeals on what now appears an extraneous issue, 108 U.S. App. D.C. 375, 282 F.2d 858, we dismiss the writ as improvidently granted.
The hearing which the District Court gave petitioner under 28 U.S.C. 2255 is not dispositive of the case. That hearing was held October 25, 1957. The issue with which the Court of Appeals in the present case was concerned was presented in two affidavits, one by petitioner dated August 3, 1959, and the other by petitioner's lawyers dated July 31, 1959. Petitioner swears he did not know that he had only 10 days to appeal. Petitioner's lawyers swear, "We were present at the time that sentence was imposed. Immediately after sentence was imposed, John Hodges was removed from the courtroom by the U.S. Marshal and we did not have an opportunity to talk to him." They also state that they advised petitioner's wife that she should have him prosecute an appeal. Petitioner says that when his wife mentioned an appeal, the 10-day period had passed. No one gave petitioner timely notice of his right to appeal. * [368 U.S. 139, 141]
The underlying constitutional issue which petitioner presses is that the confession used against him was coerced. I do not see how we can say that "the files and records of the case conclusively show" that petitioner is entitled to no relief. Following the 1957 hearing the District Court made a finding that petitioner's confession was "voluntary" and was not "the result of coercion, threats or promises." But there is no record of that hearing. The reporter's notes were lost. No court can review the findings. No court has ever reviewed them.
We are not here concerned with the right to appeal out of time, as was the case of United States v. Robinson, 361 U.S. 220 . Indeed, in Robinson the Court recognized that relief was, or should be, available under 2255 in cases such as the one now before us:
[ Footnote * ] Had the sentencing court realized petitioner had no effective legal representation at the time, its duty would have been clear. Rule 37 (a) (2) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure provides: [368 U.S. 139, 141] ". . . When a court after trial imposes sentence upon a defendant not represented by counsel, the defendant shall be advised of his right to appeal and if he so requests, the clerk shall prepare and file forthwith a notice of appeal on behalf of the defendant. An appeal by the government when authorized by statute may be taken within 30 days after entry of the judgment or order appealed from." [368 U.S. 139, 143]