NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD v. P. LORILLARD CO.(1942)
Messrs. Francis Biddle, Atty. Gen., and Richard H. Demuth, of Washington, D.C., for petitioner.
Mr. Homer Cummings, of Washington, D.C., for respondent.
The Board found that the respondent, P. Lorillard Company, had committed an unfair labor practice within the meaning of Section 8(5) of the National Labor Relations Act, 49 Stat. 449, 453, 29 U.S.C.A. 158(5), by refusing to bargain collectively with Pioneer Tobacco Workers' Local Industrial Union No. 55, which was at the time the duly selected bargaining representative of a majority of Lorillard's employees. The Board affirmatively ordered Lorillard to bargain collec- [314 U.S. 512, 513] tively with Local No. 55. On the Board's petition for enforcement the court below sustained the Board's finding, but expressing the belief that because of lapse of time and changed conditions the Local might no longer represent the majority of employees, modified the Board's order so as to require it to conduct an election to determine whether the Local had lost its majority due to a shift of employees to a rival independent association. The Board had considered the effect of a possible shift in membership, alleged to have occurred subsequent to Lorillard's unfair labor practice. But it had reached the conclusion that in order to effectuate the policies of the Act, Lorillard must remedy the effect of its prior unlawful refusal to bargain by bargaining with the union shown to have had a majority on the date of Lorillard's refusal to bargain. This was for the Board to determine, and the court below was in error in modifying the Board's order in this respect. National Labor Relations Board v. Bradford Dyeing Ass'n, 310 U.S. 318, 339 , 340 S., 60 S.Ct. 918, 929; International Association of M., T. and D.M.L. v. Labor Board, 311 U.S. 72, 82 , 61 S.Ct. 82, 89. See also National Labor Relations Board v. Falk Corp., 308 U.S. 453, 458 , 459 S., 60 S.Ct. 307, 310. The judgment of the court below is reversed with directions to enforce the order of the Board.
The CHIEF JUSTICE and Mr. Justice ROBERTS took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.