JOHNSON v. STAR(1933)
Appeal from the Supreme Court of the State of Texas.
Mr. Spearman Webb, of Sherman, Tex., for appellants.
Mr. William Andress, Jr., of Dallas, Tex., for appellee.
Mr. Justice BUTLER delivered the opinion of the Court.
Prior to March 13, 1931, appellants obtained a judgment for $113.20 against the Dallas Showcase & Manufacturing Company. On that day the latter, being insolvent and having unsecured indebtedness of about $11,000, made to appellee a voluntary assignment of all its property for the benefit of its creditors. Appellants refused to accept under the assignment, and brought garnishment proceedings in justice court against the appellee. He answered that as such assignee, acting under title 12 of the Texas Revised Civil Statutes 1925, he had converted the assigned property into cash and had $582.63 which, as he insisted, was not subject to garnishment. The justice of the peace held him liable. He appealed to the county court, and there the case was submitted on an agreed statement showing the facts aforesaid. The court held the state law in conflict with the Bankruptcy [287 U.S. 527, 528] Act, and that therefore the amount on hand was subject to garnishment. The Court of Civil Appeals reversed, 44 S.W.(2d) 429, and the Supreme Court, approving its opinion, denied writ of error. 47 S.W. (2d) 608.
The sole question is whether, as construed by its highest court, articles 261-274 of title 12 are repugnant to the Bankruptcy Act (11 USCA).
These provisions are derived from an Act of March 24, 1879, (Acts 1879, p. 57, c. 53) as amended, Acts 1883, p. 46, c. 56. Evidently, that statute was intended to take the place of the Bankruptcy Act of 1867 (14 Stat. 517), which was repealed in 1878 (20 Stat. 99). Cunningham v. Norton, 125 U.S. 77, 81 , 8 S.Ct. 804. It established a complete system for the administration of property conveyed by insolvent debtors for the benefit of their creditors. Tracy v. Tuffly, 134 U.S. 206, 223 , 10 S.Ct. 527. Every such assignment is required to provide for ratable distribution of the insolvent's estate among the consenting creditors, and, whether or not so specified, is deemed sufficient to pass all the assignor's property to the assignee. Article 261. 'A debtor may make such assignment and shall thereupon stand discharged from all further liability to such consenting creditors. ... Such debtor shall not be discharged from liability to such creditor who does not receive as much as one-third of the amount ... allowed in his favor. ...' Article 263. Nonassenting creditors take nothing under the assignment, article 265, but may garnishee any excess remaining after full payment of consenting creditors and the expenses of executing the assignment. Article 271.
In the case at bar the Court of Civil Appeals for the Fifth District observed the differences between state insolvency laws and those merely regulating voluntary assignments for the benefit of creditors, and, following the rule established by the Texas Supreme Court that nonconsenting creditors may not seize property covered by such assign- [287 U.S. 527, 530] ments, held that the fund in the hands of the assignee was not garnishable. And the Supreme Court, approving that decision and disapproving one to the contrary announced by the Court of Civil Appeals for the Sixth District, Johnson v. Chapman Milling Co., 37 S.W.(2d) 776, held that the questions at issue have been definitely settled by this court in the cases of Patty- Joiner & Eubank Co. v. Cummins, supra, and Haijek & Simecek v. Luck, supra.
Accepting as we do that court's construction of the provisions in question, we are of opinion that they are not repugnant to the Bankruptcy Act. This case is ruled by our decision in Pobreslo v. Joseph M. Boyd Company, 287 U.S. 518 , 53 S.Ct. 262.