EARLY & DANIEL CO. v. UNITED STATES(1926)
Mr. Benton S. Oppenheimer, of Cincinnati, Ohio, for appellant.
Mr. Chief Justice TAFT delivered the opinion of the Court.
This is a suit against the United States for $22,000, balance due for hay delivered. Appellant made a contract with the government the 31st of July, 1917, by which it agreed to furnish, during the period beginning August 1, 1917, and ending September 30, 1917, such hay as might be required by the government during July and the first half of August of 1917, not to exceed 6,000,000 pounds, at 97 1/2 cents per 100 pounds, and such hay as might be required during the last half of August and all of September, 1917, not exceeding 6,000,000 pounds, at 95 cents per 100 pounds, to be delivered f. o. b. cars at Newport News, Va., subject to call of the government in lots not to exceed 1,000,000 pounds per lot. The [271 U.S. 140, 141] government made calls which the plaintiff filled as follows:
Call No. 1, 500,000 pounds, August 15, 1917
Call No. 2, 1,050,000 pounds, August 20, 1917.
Call No. 3, 2,000,000 pounds, September 5, 1917.
Call No. 4, 4,450,000 pounds, September 12, 1917.
These calls were all filled without protest, though the later calls were for amounts greater than 1,000,000 pounds. When the final and fifth call was made for 4,000,000 pounds, the appellant objected that the call was for more pounds of hay than the contract allowed for any one call. That objection was not made until it was too late for the defendant to amend the call. The appellant's vice president then wrote to the government officer in charge that the fifth call was not deemed by the plaintiff to be in accord with the contract, and that the plaintiff did not intend to fill it. Under the terms of the contract, appellant had until November 15th, being three months from the date of the first call, to complete its deliveries. On November 19th, the camp quartermaster wired to the appellant,
After further exchange of telegrams, plaintiff sent the following telegram to the camp quartermaster under date of November 21, 1917:
The appellant had the option of delivering the remainder of the hay under the terms of the contract, or of not delivering it at all, if the contract had been broken. It chose to deliver. It made a protest but that was ignored by the officers of the government, and when the government tendered the contract price, it was accepted by the appellant and without protest. Under such circumstances there is no ground for implying a contract to pay more than the contract price. New York, New Haven & H. R. Co. c. United States, 251 U.S. 123, 127 , 40 S. Ct. 67; Nelson Co. v. United States, 261 U.S. 17, 23 , 43 S. Ct. 301; Willard Sutherland & Co. v. United States, 262 U.S. 489, 494 , 43 S. Ct. 592; Atwater & Co. v. United States, 262 U.S. 495, 498 , 43 S. Ct. 595.
The judgment of the Court of Claims is affirmed.