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BIRRELL v. NEW YORK & H R CO , 198 U.S. 390 (1905)

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United States Supreme Court


No. 202

Argued: Decided: May 15, 1905

Messrs. Alfred B. Cruikshank and Atwater & Cruikshank for plaintiffs in error.

Messrs. Ira A Place, Edward Winslow Paige and Thomas Emery for defendants in error.

Mr. Justice McKenna delivered the opinion of the court:

Plaintiffs in error are owners of property on Park avenue in the city of New York, and brought these actions in the supreme court of the county of New York against the defendants in error for damages for the erection of, and for an injunction against the continuance of, the viaduct described in Muhlker v. New York & H. R. Co. 197 U.S. 544 , 25 Sup. Ct. Rep. 522, 49 L. ed.--. The supreme court found that the viaduct and the operation of trains thereon were and had been, from certain dates which were mantioned, a continuous trespass upon the easements of light, air, and access appurtenant to the property of plaintiffs in error, and that they sustained damages, respectively, as follows: Birrell in the sum of 3, 360, depreciation in the rental value of her property, and the sum of $7, 050, damages to the fee; Patrick Kierns, as executor and trustee of [198 U.S. 390, 391]   John Kierns, deceased, in the sum of $1,296, depreciation of rental value of his property, and $2,525, injury to the fee. Money judgments were entered for the depreciation of the rental value of the respective properties, and it was decreed that unless the right was acquired by the defendants to maintain the structure and operate the railroad by the payment of the sums awarded for the damages to the fee, injunctions should become operative against the structure and railroad. The judgments were affirmed by the appellate division, but were reversed by the court of appeals. Upon the return of the cases to the supreme court judgments were entered dismissing the complaints, and these writs of error were then sued out.

In the Birrell Case the court of appeals [173 N. Y. 644, 66 N. E. 1105] contented itself with a simple reversal of the judgment; in the Keirns Case a per curiam opinion was filed as follows:

    'Judgment reversed and the complaint dismissed without costs, upon the authority of Fries v. New York & H. R. Co. 169 N. Y. 270, 62 N. E. 358, and Muhlker v. New York & II. R. Co. 173 N. Y. 549, 66 N. E. 558.'

Judge Vann filed a concurring opinion, which he concluded as follows:

    'I concurred in the dissenting opinion of Judge Cullen in the Fries Case and should have concurred in that of Judge Bartlett in the Muhlker Case had I sat when it was argued, but I regard the question as now settled, and by the rule of stare decisis I am compelled to vote for reversal.' [173 N. Y. 642, 66 N. E. 1110.]

The Muhlker Case came to this court and was reversed ( 197 U.S. 544 , 25 Sup. Ct. Rep. 522, 49 L. ed.--). There are some differences in the facts in the cases at bar from that case, but none, in our judgment, which withdraw them from the principles there expressed. And, as we have seen, a substantial identity in the cases was pronounced by the courts of New York.

Counsel, it is true, have submitted some additional considerations based on the act of 1892, under which the viaduct was erected, and on other laws of New York, to which con- [198 U.S. 390, 392]   siderations we have given due attention, but we do not think they demand or would justify a change of our ruling.

It follows, therefore, that the judgments should be and they are hereby reversed, and the causes remanded for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.

The CHIEF JUSTICE, Mr. Justice White, Mr. Justice Peckham, and Mr. Justice Holmes dissent.

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