CHICAGO & N W R CO v. CITY OF CHICAGO(1896)
John S. Miller, for defendant in error.
Mr. Justice HARLAN delivered the opinion of the court.
This was a proceeding instituted by the city of Chicago in the circuit court of Cook county, Ill., for the condemnation of certain real estate. The object of the proposed condemnation was to open West Taylor street, in that city.
The Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company and the Chicago, St. Louis & Pittsburg Railroad Company, being the owners of the property, appeared and filed a cross petition, in which they alleged:
By consent of the parties, entered of record, the cause was tried by the court, without the intervention of a jury. The court found and adjudged that the just compensation to be paid by the city for the taking of the property described for the opening of West Taylor street was one dollar.
Thereupon the Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company moved, without stating the grounds for its motion, that a new trial be awarded. That motion was overruled, the company excepting; and it was adjudged and decreed 'that the sum of money awarded by the court by its finding to the owner of said lot, piece, or parcel of land and property is a just compensation and the value thereof for the taking and damaging said lot, piece, or parcel of land and property by the proposed public improvement mentioned in said petition, and the said owner shall accept from said city of Chicago such sum as so awarded on account of the lot, piece, or parcel of land and property so owned by it, all of said lot, piece, or parcel of land and property being in the city of Chicago, county of Cook and state of Illinois; and that upon payment into this court by the said city of Chicago of the said sum of money for the use of the owner of the said lot, piece, or parcel of land and property, or upon proof made to or before the court that the said sum of money has been paid to the owner of said lot, piece, or parcel of land or property, the said city of Chicago shall have the right at any time thereafter to take possession of and damage the property in respect to which [164 U.S. 454, 457] such compensation shall have been paid or deposited.' The company excepted to the entry of that judgment.
Upon appeal to the supreme court of Illinois the judgment was affirmed. 29 N. E. 1109
This court has no authority to review the final judgment of the highest court of a state in which a decision of the case could be had, and to determine whether that judgment is in derogation of a title, right, privilege, or immunity protected by the constitution of the United States, unless the party against whom such judgment was rendered 'specially set up or claimed' such right under that instrument. Rev. St. U. S. 709.
It is assigned in this court for error that the judgment of the court of original jurisdiction had the effect to deprive the railroad company of its property without due process of law, in violation of the fourteenth amendment of the constitution of the United States. But the record does not show that the company specially set up or claimed in the state courts, or either of them, any right under the constitution of the United States. It does not appear that the attention even of the trial court was called to the fact that the company, in any form or for any purpose, invoked the protection of that instrument. Nor does it appear from the record that any federal right was specially set up or claimed in the supreme court of the state. The assignments of error in the latter court are that the circuit court erred in finding that the company 'was not entitled to any compensation for the land taken in said proceeding,' in finding that the just compensation to the company 'was not more than one dollar,' in failing to allow it 'any sum as damages sustained by it in the operation of its road and to its property caused by the taking of the land in the petition described,' and that the amount awarded as just compensation was 'grossly inadequate.'
In view of these assignments of error, it is not strange that the supreme court of Illinois made no reference in its opinion to the clause of the constitution of the United States which, in this court for the first time, is invoked to sustain the proposition that the company's property has been taken without [164 U.S. 454, 458] due process of law. It disposed of the case upon general principles of law, and does not appear to have considered it with reference to any provision of the constitution of the United States. At any rate, as the company did not specially set up or claim any right, title. privilege, or immunity under the constitution of the United States, this court is without jurisdiction to review the final judgment of the state court.
The writ of error is therefore dismissed.