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United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Darryl William YOUNG, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 20-30173

Decided: June 25, 2021

Before: SILVERMAN, WATFORD, and BENNETT, Circuit Judges. Benjamin David Seal, Assistant U.S. Attorney, DOJ-USAO, Yakima, WA, for Plaintiff-Appellee. Colin G. Prince, Federal Defenders - SPO, Spokane, WA, for Defendant-Appellant.


Darryl William Young appeals from the district court's order denying his motion for compassionate release under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A)(i). We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.

Young contends the district court erred in treating U.S.S.G. § 1B1.13 as a binding policy statement. Though we recently held that district courts may not treat § 1B1.13 as binding in evaluating a compassionate release motion brought by a prisoner, see United States v. Aruda, 993 F.3d 797, 802 (9th Cir. 2021), we disagree with Young that the district court did so here. Indeed, the district court explicitly found it was not bound by § 1B1.13 and gave the guideline minimal, if any, consideration.

Young further argues the district court conflated the legal inquiries, placed too much emphasis on the need to protect the public, and failed to explain adequately its reasons for denying Young's motion. We disagree. The district court separately analyzed Young's health risks and the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors, and applied the correct standard. Moreover, the court considered several of the § 3553(a) factors and did not abuse its discretion in concluding that they did not support release. See Aruda, 993 F.3d at 799; see also United States v. Robertson, 895 F.3d 1206, 1213 (9th Cir. 2018) (district court abuses its discretion only if its decision is illogical, implausible, or not supported by the record). The district court need not enumerate each § 3553(a) factor, and it sufficiently stated the reasons for its decision. See United States v. Carty, 520 F.3d 984, 992 (9th Cir. 2008) (en banc).


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