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United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ashley WHEELER, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 20-30208

Decided: February 23, 2021

Before: FERNANDEZ, BYBEE, and BADE, Circuit Judges. Brendan Patrick McCarthy, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Leif Johnson, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Office of the US Attorney, Billings, MT, for Plaintiff-Appellee Ashley Wheeler, Pro Se


Ashley Wheeler appeals pro se from the district court's order denying her motion for compassionate release under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A)(i). We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.

Wheeler contends that she is entitled to compassionate release because her medical conditions put her at increased risk of severe complications or death if she contracts COVID-19, and because of her family circumstances. The district court did not abuse its discretion in denying Wheeler's motion for compassionate release or her motion for reconsideration.1 The court considered Wheeler's medical record and her arguments in favor of release, and reasonably concluded that Wheeler had not demonstrated “extraordinary and compelling reasons” for release. See 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A)(i). Moreover, contrary to Wheeler's arguments, the court did not rely on any clearly erroneous facts. See United States v. Graf, 610 F.3d 1148, 1157 (9th Cir. 2010) (“A finding is clearly erroneous if it is illogical, implausible, or without support in the record.”).

Assuming without deciding that Wheeler's Eighth Amendment claim may be brought under § 3582(c)(1)(A), we reject this claim because Wheeler has not shown that her sentence is “grossly disproportionate” to her offenses. United States v. Harris, 154 F.3d 1082, 1084 (9th Cir. 1998).



1.   The denial of a motion for a sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) is reviewed for abuse of discretion. See United States v. Dunn, 728 F.3d 1151, 1155 (9th Cir. 2013). We accept for purposes of this appeal the government's undisputed assertion that the abuse of discretion standard also applies to denials under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(1)(A)(i).

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