Skip to main content


Reset A A Font size: Print

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Albert M. KUN, Appellant, v. STATE BAR OF CALIFORNIA; Franchise Tax Board, Appellees.

No. 20-15115

Decided: February 23, 2021

Before: FERNANDEZ, BYBEE, and BADE, Circuit Judges. Albert M. Kun, Pro Se James Chang, Assistant General Counsel, State Bar of California, San Francisco, CA, for Appellee State Bar of California Cara Masako Porter, Deputy Attorney General, AGCA - Office of the California Attorney General, San Francisco, CA, Karen W. Yiu, AGCA - Office of the Attorney General, Oakland, CA, for Appellee Franchise Tax Board


Chapter 7 debtor Albert Kun appeals pro se from the district court's order dismissing his bankruptcy appeal for failure to prosecute. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. §§ 158(d) and 1291. We review for an abuse of discretion. Ash v. Cvetkov, 739 F.2d 493, 495 (9th Cir. 1984). We affirm.

The district court did not abuse its discretion by dismissing Kun's appeal after Kun failed to file the documents required by Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8009 in a timely manner. See Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 640-43 (9th Cir. 2002) (discussing factors to be considered before dismissing a case for failure to prosecute; a district court's dismissal should not be disturbed absent “a definite and firm conviction” that it “committed a clear error of judgment” (citations and internal quotation marks omitted)); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1261 (9th Cir. 1992) (this court may review the record independently if the district court does not make explicit findings to show its consideration of the factors).

The district court did not abuse its discretion by denying Kun's motion for rehearing because Kun failed to demonstrate any basis for relief. See Fed. R. Bankr. P. 8022(a)(2); United States v. Fowler (In re Fowler), 394 F.3d 1208, 1214-15 (9th Cir. 2005) (setting forth standard of review and requiring a movant to state with particularity each point of law or fact a court overlooked).

We do not consider matters not specifically and distinctly raised and argued in the opening brief, or arguments or allegations raised for the first time on appeal. See Padgett v. Wright, 587 F.3d 983, 985 n.2 (9th Cir. 2009).

Kun's motion for a stay of execution (Docket Entry No. 17) is denied.


Copied to clipboard