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United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Omar DOMINGUEZ-VALENCIA, Defendant-Appellant.

No. 15-50422

Decided: October 31, 2019

Before: KLEINFELD, CALLAHAN, and R. NELSON, Circuit Judges. Mark R. Rehe, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Office of the U.S. Attorney, San Diego, CA, for Plaintiff-Appellee Karyn H. Bucur, Esquire, Attorney, Karyn H. Bucur, Attorney at Law, Laguna Hills, CA, for Defendant-Appellant


Omar Dominguez-Valencia, originally admitted to the United States as a non-immigrant when he was a child, makes a second collateral challenge to his underlying removal order. He argues that recent Supreme Court case law precludes his prior burglary conviction from being designated as a crime of violence. Dominguez-Valencia also challenges the 24-month sentence he received subsequent to his prior appeal to this Court, on the similar basis that his prior robbery conviction should not have been considered a crime of violence.

We review both de novo. See United States v. Rojas-Pedroza, 716 F.3d 1253, 1261 (9th Cir. 2013); United States v. Figueroa-Ocampo, 494 F.3d 1211, 1213 (9th Cir. 2007). We conclude that the rule of mandate precludes a new challenge to his underlying conviction and that his sentencing challenge is moot.

The rule of mandate doctrine provides that when “a case has been once decided by this court on appeal, and remanded to the district court, whatever was before this court, and disposed of by its decree, is considered as finally settled.” United States v. Thrasher, 483 F.3d 977, 981 (9th Cir. 2007), cert. denied, 553 U.S. 1007, 128 S.Ct. 2052, 170 L.Ed.2d 798 (2008). We treat this rule as jurisdictional. Id. at 982. In Dominguez-Valencia’s previous appeal, we explicitly rejected his 8 U.S.C. § 1326(d) argument and affirmed his conviction. This Court’s mandate limited the district court’s authority to the issue of resentencing. Accordingly, under Circuit authority, Dominguez-Valencia may not re-litigate this claim, despite subsequent authority. See Planned Parenthood of Columbia/Willamette Inc. v. Am. Coal. of Life Activists, 422 F.3d 949, 966 (9th Cir. 2005) (quoting Coleman Co. v. Holly Mfg. Co., 269 F.2d 660, 664 (9th Cir.1959)).

On the resentencing issue, we conclude that because Dominguez-Valencia has already completed his term of imprisonment, his challenge to the sentence he received is moot. No collateral consequences flow from the duration of his completed sentence. See Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7, 118 S.Ct. 978, 140 L.Ed.2d 43 (1998). Dominguez-Valencia’s appeal is limited to his sentencing, and the collateral consequences of the conviction are independent of the precise sentence he received. As he is no longer in custody or subject to supervised release, he has no stake in the outcome of this claim. He therefore has no Article III, § 2 standing.

Dominguez-Valencia’s conviction is therefore AFFIRMED.

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