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United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Michele BRYCE, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. CHOICE HOTELS INTERNATIONAL, INC.; et al., Defendants-Appellees.

No. 19-35039

Decided: October 23, 2019

Before: FARRIS, LEAVY, and RAWLINSON, Circuit Judges. Michele Bryce, Pro Se Christopher E. Hawk, Attorney, Gordon & Rees LLP, Portland, OR, Don Willenburg, Esquire, Attorney, Gordon Rees Scully Mansukhani LLP, Oakland, CA, for Defendant - Appellee


Michele Bryce appeals pro se from the district court’s judgment dismissing for improper venue her action alleging federal claims. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo. Myers v. Bennett Law Offices, 238 F.3d 1068, 1071 (9th Cir. 2001). We affirm.

The district court properly dismissed Bryce’s action because Bryce failed to establish that any defendant resides in the District of Oregon or that a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to her claims occurred there. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(1), (2) (describing where a civil action may be brought).

We reject as unsupported by the record Bryce’s contentions that the district judge engaged in misconduct or erred by failing to recuse himself.

We do not consider matters not specifically and distinctly raised and argued in the opening brief. See Padgett v. Wright, 587 F.3d 983, 985 n.2 (9th Cir. 2009).


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