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United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Kenneth I. CARCAMO MOLINA, Petitioner, v. William P. BARR, Attorney General, Respondent.

No. 19-70803

Decided: October 23, 2019

Before: FARRIS, LEAVY, and RAWLINSON, Circuit Judges. Kenneth I. Carcamo Molina, Pro Se Corey Leigh Farrell, DOJ - U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Chief Counsel ICE, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent


Kenneth I. Carcamo Molina, a native and citizen of Nicaragua, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order denying his motion to reopen removal proceedings. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for abuse of discretion the BIA’s denial of a motion to reopen. Toufighi v. Mukasey, 538 F.3d 988, 992 (9th Cir. 2008). We deny in part and dismiss in part the petition for review.

The BIA did not abuse its discretion in denying Carcamo Molina’s third motion to reopen as untimely and number-barred, where it was filed over 10 years after the order of removal became final, see 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(A), (C)(i); 8 C.F.R. § 1003.2(c)(2), and Carcamo Molina has not established changed country conditions in Nicaragua to qualify for an exception to the filing deadline, see 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(ii); 8 C.F.R. § 1003.2(c)(3)(ii); Toufighi, 538 F.3d at 996 (requiring movant to produce material evidence with motion to reopen that conditions in country of nationality had changed).

To the extent Carcamo Molina challenges the agency’s determination that he did not warrant sua sponte reopening, we lack jurisdiction to review the agency’s determination not to reopen proceedings sua sponte. See Mejia-Hernandez v. Holder, 633 F.3d 818, 823-824 (9th Cir. 2011); cf. Bonilla v. Lynch, 840 F.3d 575, 588 (9th Cir. 2016) (“[T]his court has jurisdiction to review Board decisions denying sua sponte reopening for the limited purpose of reviewing the reasoning behind the decisions for legal or constitutional error.”).

Because we have determined that Carcamo Molina failed to establish changed country conditions in Nicaragua, we do not need to reach Carcamo Molina’s contentions regarding the underlying merits of his claims. See Simeonov v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 532, 538 (9th Cir. 2004) (courts and agencies are not required to decide issues unnecessary to the results they reach).

The motion for a stay of removal is denied as moot. The temporary stay of removal remains in effect until issuance of the mandate or further order of the court.


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