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United States Court of Appeals,Ninth Circuit.

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff–Appellee, v. Roshaja Lamont HARVEY, Defendant–Appellant.

No. 11–50268.

Decided: November 03, 2011

Before FERDINAND F. FERNANDEZ and CONSUELO M. CALLAHAN, Circuit Judges, and ROBERTJ. TIMLIN,** District Judge. Jason I. Ser, Federal Defenders of San Diego, Inc., San Diego, CA, for the defendant-appellant. Sara J. O'Connell, Assistant U.S. Attorney, Office of the United States Attorney, San Diego, CA, for the plaintiff-appellee.


Roshaja Harvey appeals from the district court's order finding him in violation of his conditions of supervised release based upon his use of marijuana. He asserts that because he had a recommendation from a physician to use marijuana in California pursuant to the California Compassionate Use Act of 1996,1 he did not violate the possession prohibition2 of the Federal Controlled Substances Act.3

We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291 and 18 U.S.C. § 3742. We review the district court's decision to revoke a term of supervised release for abuse of discretion. United States v. Perez, 526 F.3d 543, 547 (9th Cir.2008). However, we review questions of statutory interpretation de novo. See United States v. Cade, 236 F.3d 463, 465 (9th Cir.2000).

We affirm the district court for the reasons stated in its precise and accurate decision dated June 23, 2011,4 which we adopt as our own, with one addition. The addition is: Whatever else “order” might mean under § 844(a) of the Controlled Substances Act, it does not include a mere recommendation from a physician pursuant to the Compassionate Use Act.


FERNANDEZ, Circuit Judge:

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