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United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit.

Joel Marvin MUNT Plaintiff-Appellant v. MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS; Tom Roy, Commissioner of Corrections; Gloria H. Andreachi, A East Lt.; Bruce Julson, CPD Operations; Steven Hammer, MCF-STW Warden; Bruce Reiser Defendants-Appellees

No. 18-1844

Decided: December 18, 2018

Before BENTON, BOWMAN, and ERICKSON, Circuit Judges. Joel Marvin Munt, Pro Se Lindsay Nicole LaVoie, Attorney General's Office, Saint Paul, MN, for Defendants-Appellees


Minnesota inmate Joel Marvin Munt appeals the adverse entry of judgment by the District Court 1 in his action claiming violations of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA). We conclude that Munt’s RLUIPA official-capacity claims for declaratory and injunctive relief are moot because he has been transferred from the correctional facility where the alleged violations occurred. See Zajrael v. Harmon, 677 F.3d 353, 355 (8th Cir.) (per curiam) (recognizing that because the plaintiff “is no longer subject to the policies that he challenges, there is no live case or controversy”); Smith v. Hundley, 190 F.3d 852, 855 (8th Cir. 1999) (noting a previous holding “that an inmate’s claims for declaratory and injunctive relief to improve prison conditions were moot when he was transferred to another facility and was no longer subject to those conditions”). We find no merit to Munt’s arguments in his original and amended reply briefs that the narrow exception to the mootness doctrine applies in this case, i.e., that the challenged conditions at issue here are capable of repetition yet evading review. See id. (discussing the application of the exception). We also see no basis for overturning the court’s judgment on Munt’s other claims. Accordingly, we affirm.


1.   The Honorable Susan Richard Nelson, United States District Judge for the District of Minnesota, adopting the report and recommendations of the Honorable Steven E. Rau, United States Magistrate Judge for the District of Minnesota.


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