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United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.

Faryion Edward WARDRIP, Petitioner-Appellant Cross-Appellee, v. Bobby LUMPKIN, Director, Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, Respondent-Appellee Cross-Appellant.

No. 18-70016

Decided: February 26, 2021

Before Higginbotham, Southwick, and Ho, Circuit Judges. Phillip A. Thompson, Pro Se


Faryion Edward Wardrip was convicted of capital murder and sentenced to death in Texas state court. After his efforts to obtain state habeas relief failed, Wardrip filed a request for federal habeas relief. His federal habeas application presented arguments for relief under Section 2254(d)(1) and Section 2254(d)(2). See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1), (d)(2). Regarding Wardrip's claim for ineffective assistance of trial counsel (“IATC”) relating to his good works while in prison, the district court granted relief under Section 2254(d)(2), concluding that the state habeas court's denial of relief was based on an unreasonable factual determination.

The State of Texas appealed, and we reversed the district court's grant of relief. See Wardrip v. Lumpkin, 976 F.3d 467 (5th Cir. 2020). We held that it was not an “unreasonable determination of the facts” for the state habeas court to conclude that Wardrip's counsel “conducted a reasonable investigation that made him aware of Wardrip's good conduct while in prison, and based on that investigation that [his counsel] made a reasonable strategic decision regarding what evidence to present, thus satisfying Strickland’s standard for effective assistance of counsel.” Id. at 477. We also held that “it was reasonable for the state court to conclude that whatever else [his counsel] might have done, the failure to take those steps had not prejudiced Wardrip.” Id. It was therefore improper to grant habeas relief under Section 2254(d)(2). See id.

One matter we did not address, as Wardrip has emphasized in his Petition for Rehearing, was the argument that Section 2254(d)(1) also supports habeas relief. In district court, Wardrip argued that the state habeas court's 2001 decision denying relief on his prison record IATC claim involved an unreasonable application of the Strickland standard as later explained by Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 120 S.Ct. 1495, 146 L.Ed.2d 389 (2000), Wiggins v. Smith, 539 U.S. 510, 123 S.Ct. 2527, 156 L.Ed.2d 471 (2003), and Rompilla v. Beard, 545 U.S. 374, 125 S.Ct. 2456, 162 L.Ed.2d 360 (2005). On appeal, he made a similar argument as an alternative ground for affirmance. The district court did not address the argument. Neither did we.

Wardrip is correct that he is entitled to consideration by the district court of “unresolved challenges to his death sentence,” or, instead, explanation by this court as to “why such consideration [is] unnecessary.” See Corcoran v. Levenhagen, 558 U.S. 1, 2, 130 S.Ct. 8, 175 L.Ed.2d 1 (2009). We do not express an opinion on the merits of his Section 2254(d)(1) argument. The district court is better positioned to begin the consideration. We remand to the district court to determine whether Section 2254(d)(1) supports habeas relief.

We GRANT the Petition for Rehearing and REMAND to the district court for consideration of whether Section 2254(d)(1) supports habeas relief. Only to this extent do we modify our previous opinion.



Per Curiam:* FN* Pursuant to 5th Circuit Rule 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Circuit Rule 47.5.4.

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