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United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit.

John Paul TURNER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. SHENANDOAH VALLEY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES; Boyd Lambert; Henry Billings; Eric Wingard; Henry Funeral Home, Defendants-Appellees.

No. 20-2305

Decided: April 26, 2021

Before GREGORY, Chief Judge, AGEE, Circuit Judge, and TRAXLER, Senior Circuit Judge. John Paul Turner, Appellant Pro Se.

John Paul Turner appeals the district court's orders dismissing Turner's civil action for failure to pay the filing fee and denying his Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) motion to alter or amend judgment.* On appeal, we confine our review to the issues raised in the informal brief. See 4th Cir. R. 34(b). Because Turner's informal brief does not challenge any aspect of the district court's disposition, he has forfeited appellate review of the court's orders. See Jackson v. Lightsey, 775 F.3d 170, 177 (4th Cir. 2014) (“The informal brief is an important document; under Fourth Circuit rules, our review is limited to issues preserved in that brief.”). Accordingly, we affirm the district court's judgment. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.



FOOTNOTE.   Although the district court dismissed the action without prejudice, we have jurisdiction over this appeal. See Bing v. Brivo Sys., LLC, 959 F.3d 605, 615 (4th Cir. 2020).


Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.

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