Skip to main content


Reset A A Font size: Print

United States Court of Appeals,First Circuit.

Ricardo RAMOS-FALCON;  Ricardo Ramos-Hernandez;  Irma Falcon, Plaintiffs, Appellants, v. AUTORIDAD DE ENERGIA ELECTRICA, Defendant, Appellee.

No. 01-2182.

Decided: August 20, 2002

Before BOUDIN, Chief Judge, BOWNES, Senior Circuit Judge, and SELYA, Circuit Judge. Antonio Bauza Torres for appellants. Lionel E. Santa-Crispin, Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, for appellee.

Plaintiff-appellant Ricardo Ramos Falcon filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico alleging violations of the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.   Ramos Falcon contends that defendant-appellee Autoridad de Energia Electrica (PREPA) deprived him of a reasonable accommodation when it forcibly expelled him from its parking lot.   The district court entered a default judgment against PREPA.   Following a post-default hearing on damages, however, the court dismissed Ramos Falcon's ADA claim.   We vacate the dismissal and remand for further proceedings on the ground that the court failed to provide notice to Ramos Falcon that it was taking evidence concerning the merits of his case at the damages hearing.


Plaintiff-appellants are Ricardo Ramos Falcon and his father, Ricardo Ramos Hernandez, and mother, Irma Falcon.   Ramos Falcon depends on a wheelchair to get around.

In his complaint, Ramos Falcon alleges that on February 23, 1999, he entered a parking lot maintained by PREPA for its customers in order to pay his monthly electric bill.   The automobile in which he was riding carried his wheelchair and was driven by his father, Ricardo Ramos Hernandez.   In the parking lot, Ramos Hernandez stopped the car in order to unload his son's wheelchair.   A parking lot employee ordered Ramos Hernandez to move the car.   Father and son tried to explain to the employee why it was necessary to park the automobile where it was.   They asked the employee for permission to unload the wheelchair so Ramos Falcon could proceed to PREPA's office.

The employee, in a violent and aggressive manner, insisted on the removal of the wheelchair and the car and pushed the wheelchair with Ramos Falcon still seated in it.   Ramos Falcon was thrown to the pavement and his wheelchair landed on top of him.   As a result, he experienced severe pain and suffering, underwent medical treatment and therapy for two years, and suffered additional physical limitations.   Ramos Hernandez alleges severe emotional harm as a result of witnessing the events.

The complaint alleged, inter alia, “No other reasonable accommodations were available to Plaintiffs in order to unload Ramos Falcon and his wheelchair from the car.”

PREPA failed to answer Ramos Falcon's complaint or otherwise appear.   Accordingly, the court entered a default on September 7, 2000.   On January 11, 2001, the court held a hearing on default and damages, at which it heard evidence concerning, inter alia, two handicap parking spaces available at the PREPA parking lot.   PREPA failed to appear for the trial.

On January 24, 2001, PREPA filed a motion to set aside the entry of default, which the court denied.   On June 20, 2001, the court dismissed Ramos Falcon's complaint on the merits.   In support of this holding, it held that the existence of the two handicap parking spaces provided “equal opportunity of enjoying the premises or services.”


 After entry of a default judgment, Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(b)(2) provides as follows:

If, in order to enable the court to enter judgment or to carry it into effect, it is necessary to take an account or to determine the amount of damages or to establish the truth of any averment by evidence or to make an investigation of any other matter, the court may conduct such hearings or order such references as it deems necessary and proper and shall accord a right of trial by jury to the parties․

The court also may examine a plaintiff's complaint, taking all well-pleaded factual allegations as true, to determine whether it alleges a cause of action.  Quirindongo Pacheco v. Rolon Morales, 953 F.2d 15, 16 (1st Cir.1992).

 Additionally, the court may conduct a hearing to “establish the truth of any averment” in the complaint.   Id. However, “[i]n this circuit, we have stated that this is appropriate only if the court has made ‘its requirements known in advance to the plaintiff, so that [he] could understand the direction of the proceeding and marshall such evidence as might be available to [him].’ ”   Id. (quoting McGinty v. Beranger Volkswagen, Inc., 633 F.2d 226, 229 (1st Cir.1980)).

 In this case, the post-default hearing involved evidence concerning, inter alia, the complaint's allegation that PREPA provided no reasonable accommodations to unload Ramos Falcon and his wheelchair from the car.   Central to the court's dismissal of the ADA claim was its determination that PREPA had satisfied its obligation to provide “equal opportunity” by making available handicap parking spaces.   The record does not show, however, that the district court provided adequate notice to Ramos Falcon that it intended to address this issue at the post-default damages hearing.   In the absence of such notice, the district court erred in dismissing the ADA claim.   See Quirindongo Pacheco, 953 F.2d at 16.

Accordingly, we VACATE the entry of judgment in favor of PREPA and REMAND this matter to the district court for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.


Copied to clipboard