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Court of Appeals of Texas,El Paso.

Rick MILTEER, Appellant, v. WESTERN RIM CORPORATION and Western Rim Property Management, Appellees.

No. 08-08-00124-CV.

Decided: December 16, 2009

Before McCLURE, J., RIVERA, J., and CHEW, Judge. Rick Milteer, pro se. Meredith Prykryl Walker, for Western Rim Corporation.


Appellant, Rick Milteer, appeals the trial court's rendition of summary judgment in favor of Appellees, Western Rim Corporation and Western Rim Property Management (“Rim”), in Milteer's suit against Rim for premises liability and gross negligence. Finding Appellant failed to adequately brief his issues, we determine that nothing is presented for review and therefore affirm the trial court's judgment.


The factual background and proceedings are well known to the parties, and we do not recite them here in detail. An abbreviated recitation shows that when Appellant moved into his apartment on July 9, 2006, his wife and the leasing consultants manually opened the leased garage door since the remote was not working. Later that day, the garage door closed on Appellant, causing injuries. After Appellant filed his petition alleging premise liability and gross negligence, Rim filed answers, denying his allegations, and claimed the incident was unavoidable or unforeseeable, or caused by the acts or omissions of Appellant or some other party. Rim later filed a motion for summary judgment, and Appellant responded. After notice of hearing, the trial court granted summary judgment in favor of Rim.


Appellant, appearing pro se, contends in three issues that the trial court's decision to sanction him was retaliatory, that the trial court failed to consider his summary-judgment evidence, and that the trial court improperly denied his request to continue the case before final judgment was entered. We need not reach any of Appellant's complaints as we find them inadequately briefed.

Initially, we recognize that Appellant is acting pro se on appeal, and that we must construe his appellate brief liberally. See Sterner v. Marathon Oil Co., 767 S.W.2d 686, 690 (Tex.1989). However, the law is well-settled that a party proceeding pro se must comply with all applicable procedural rules. Valadez v. Avitia, 238 S.W.3d 843, 845 (Tex.App.-El Paso 2007, no pet.); Sweed v. City of El Paso, 195 S.W.3d 784, 786 (Tex.App.-El Paso 2006, no pet.); Clemens v. Allen, 47 S.W.3d 26, 28 (Tex.App.-Amarillo 2000, no pet.); Weaver v. E-Z Mart Stores, Inc., 942 S.W.2d 167, 169 (Tex.App.-Texarkana 1997, no pet.); Harris v. Showcase Chevrolet, 231 S.W.3d 559, 561 (Tex.App.-Dallas 2007, no pet.). If that were not the case, pro se litigants would be afforded an unfair advantage over those represented by counsel. Valadez, 238 S.W.3d at 845; Martinez v. El Paso County, 218 S.W.3d 841, 844 (Tex.App.-El Paso 2007, pet. struck); Holt v. F.F. Enterprises, 990 S.W.2d 756, 759 (Tex.App.-Amarillo 1998, pet. denied). Therefore, on appeal, the pro se litigant must properly present his case. Valadez, 238 S.W.3d at 845; Martinez, 218 S.W.3d at 844; Strange v. Continental Cas. Co., 126 S.W.3d 676, 678 (Tex.App.-Dallas 2004, pet. denied); Plummer v. Reeves, 93 S.W.3d 930, 931 (Tex.App.-Amarillo 2003, pet. denied).

The rules of appellate procedure require Appellant's brief to contain “a clear and concise argument for the contentions made, with appropriate citations to authorities and to the record.” Tex.R.App. P. 38.1(i). When the appellate issue is unsupported by argument or lacks citation to the record or legal authority, nothing is presented for review. Republic Underwriters Ins. Co. v. Mex-Tex, Inc., 150 S.W.3d 423, 427 (Tex.2004); Valadez, 238 S.W.3d at 843; Martinez, 218 S.W.3d at 844; Plummer, 93 S.W.3d at 931; Nguyen v. Kosnoski, 93 S.W.3d 186, 188 (Tex.App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2002, no pet.). As we noted in Valadez:

It is the Appellant's burden to discuss her assertions of error. An appellate court has no duty-or even right-to perform an independent review of the record and applicable law to determine whether there was error. Were we to do so, even on behalf of a pro se appellant, we would be abandoning our role as neutral adjudicators and become an advocate for that party.

Valadez, 238 S.W.3d at 845 (citations omitted).

Here, Appellant provided no record citations for any of his issues. Moreover, his first and third issues are merely brief conclusory statements unsupported by legal citations. And his second issue, although containing legal authority for the standard of review and applicable law on premises liability, provided no discussion or argument of the cases cited or explanation of how those cases supported his specific contentions. We therefore overrule his complaints as inadequately briefed. See Tex.R.App. P. 38.1; Kupchynsky v. Nardiello, 230 S.W.3d 685, 692 (Tex. App .-Dallas 2007, pet. denied) (issue inadequately briefed when party gave general cite to one case stating elements of cause of action); Sterling v. Alexander, 99 S.W.3d 793, 799 (Tex.App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2003, pet. denied) (issue inadequately briefed when party failed to make proper citations to authority or the record and in failing to make a cogent argument); Wheeler v. Methodist Hosp., 95 S.W.3d 628, 646 (Tex.App.-Houston [1st Dist.] 2002, no pet.) (issue inadequately briefed when party did little more than summarily state his point of error, without citations to legal authority or substantive analysis); Velasquez v. Waste Connections, Inc., 169 S.W.3d 432, 436 (Tex.App.-El Paso 2005, no pet.) (issue inadequately briefed when argument did not contain any references to relevant cases or legal principles).

The trial court's judgment is affirmed.


CHEW, Judge sitting by assignment.

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