United States Supreme Court

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TYLER v. CAIN, 00-5961

The Cage Rule, that a jury instruction is unconstitutional if there is a reasonable likelihood that the jury understood the instruction to allow conviction without proof beyond a reasonable doubt, is not retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 06/28/2001
  • Published 06/28/2001



  • United States Supreme Court