United States Ninth Circuit

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Ixchel Pharma, LLC v. Biogen, Inc, 18-15258

9th Circuit panel certified two questions to the California Supreme Court: 1) Does Section 16600 of the California Business and Professions Code apply to covenants not to compete not involving employer and employee? and 2) Does a claim for intentional interference with contractual relations require the plaintiff to plead and prove an intentionally wrongful act in cases not involving at-will employment contracts?

Appellate Information

  • Decided
  • Published 2019/07/16



  • United States Ninth Circuit