United States Ninth Circuit

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US Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Crombie, 13-17403

Held that an investment firm co-founder willfully made false statements to a regulatory organization. Applied the heightened criminal standard for willful conduct rather than the less demanding civil standard. Affirmed summary judgment for the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, in relevant part, in this enforcement action.

Appellate Information

  • Decided
  • Published 2019/02/01


  • Berzon


  • United States Ninth Circuit