United States Ninth Circuit

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Lair v. Bullock, 12-35809

In a First Amendment challenge to Montana's dollar limits on contributions to political candidates, the district court's judgment, entered following a non-jury trial, is reversed and remanded where the court applied the wrong legal standard prior to enjoining permanently the enforcement of Montana's restrictions on campaign contributions by individuals, political action committees and political parties. On remand, Montana's political contribution limits are to be tested under the new and more restrictive standard of Citizens United v. Fed. Election Comm’n, 558 U.S. 310 (2010), and the correct "closely drawn" test.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 09/01/2015
  • Published 09/01/2015


  • BEA


  • United States Ninth Circuit