United States Ninth Circuit

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US v. Kuok, 10-50444

In a prosecution alleging conspiracy and attempt to export defense articles without a license, money laundering, and conspiracy and attempt to smuggle goods from the United States, the district court's judgment of conviction is reversed and remanded where: 1) venue was proper; 2) the Arms Export Control Act does not violate the nondelegation principle; 3) attempting to cause an export of a defense article is not a federal crime; 4) the district court had no jurisdiction over the money laundering count because the government failed to satisfy the statutory amount-in-controversy requirement; and 5) the district court should have allowed the defendant to present evidence of duress to the jury.

Appellate Information

  • Decided 01/17/2012
  • Published 01/17/2012


  • Bybee


  • United States Ninth Circuit


  • For Appellant:
  • Todd W. Burns, Peter Ko

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