United States Eighth Circuit

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US v. Kanner, 09-1260

Defendant's drug conspiracy conviction is affirmed where: 1) the indictment charged that physicians and pharmacists contracted by defendant's company acted in a manner inconsistent with the usual course of professional practice, and the Supreme Court's decision in Gonzales v. Oregon, 546 U.S. 243 (2006), did not affect this conclusion; and 2) the Controlled Substances Act, as applied to defendant, was not unconstitutionally vague.

Appellate Information

  • Submitted 11/20/2009
  • Decided 04/26/2010
  • Published 04/26/2010


  • SHEPHERD, Circuit Judge., Before WOLLMAN, JOHN R. GIBSON, and SHEPHERD, Circuit Judges.


  • United States Eighth Circuit